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Affinity purification coupled with mass spectrometry (AP-MS) is a widely used approach for the identification of protein-protein interactions. However, for any given protein of interest, determining which of the identified polypeptides represent bona fide interactors versus those that are background contaminants (for example, proteins that interact with the(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is caused by the cerebral deposition of beta-amyloid (Abeta), a 38-43-amino acid peptide derived by proteolytic cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). Initial studies indicated that final cleavage of APP by the gamma-secretase (a complex containing presenilin and nicastrin) to produce Abeta occurred in the(More)
The estrogen receptor (ER) is a member of a superfamily of ligand-regulated transcription factors that were thought to localize primarily to the nucleus; however, a membrane-associated ER that can initiate rapid non-genomic cell-signaling events has been identified recently in various cells. The presence of the ER in myelin has not been reported although(More)
During angiogenesis, Rho-GTPases influence endothelial cell migration and cell-cell adhesion; however it is not known whether they control formation of vessel lumens, which are essential for blood flow. Here, using an organotypic system that recapitulates distinct stages of VEGF-dependent angiogenesis, we show that lumen formation requires early(More)
Metazoan evolution involves increasing protein domain complexity, but how this relates to control of biological decisions remains uncertain. The Ras guanine nucleotide exchange factor (RasGEF) Sos1 and its adaptor Grb2 are multidomain proteins that couple fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling to activation of the Ras-Erk pathway during mammalian(More)
This review focuses on events involved in the biogenesis of the lysosome. This organelle contains a diverse array of soluble, luminal proteins capable of digesting all the macromolecules in the cell. Altered function of lysosomes or its constituent enzymes has been implicated in a host of human pathologies, including storage diseases, cancer, and infectious(More)
Phagocytosis is responsible for the elimination of particles of widely disparate sizes, from large fungi or effete cells to small bacteria. Though superficially similar, the molecular mechanisms involved differ: engulfment of large targets requires phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), while that of small ones does not. Here, we report that inactivation of Rac(More)
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