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We investigated (1), whether long-term (more than 6 months) streptozotocin-induced diabetes in mice had a detrimental effect on the function of pancreatic islet isografts; and (2), whether there was an effect on graft function in chronically diabetic mice of continuous pretransplant insulin infusion. BALB/c female mice that had been diabetic for more than 6(More)
Access of recombinant proteins to the retina following intravitreal administration is poorly understood. A study was conducted in male Rhesus monkeys (15 to 28 mo of age; 2.8-3.3 kg) in order to compare the intraocular tissue distribution, pharmacokinetics, and safety of 125Iodine (I)-labeled full-length humanized rhuMAb HER2 antibody (148 kD) and of(More)
Transgenic mice carrying the murine granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) gene expressed from a retroviral promoter exhibit elevated levels of GM-CSF in the serum, urine, peritoneal cavity, and eye. The eyes of transgenic mice are opaque, contain accumulations of macrophages, and develop retinal damage. Similarly, lesions containing(More)
Type I diabetes mellitus is strongly genetically linked to the major histocompatibility complex but relatively few potentially susceptible people, who are presumably frequently exposed to appropriate triggering factors (e.g. viral illness, environmental agents), develop overt disease. It is possible that some such individuals show latent disease (e.g. islet(More)
Poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) bioresorbable microspheres are used for controlled-release drug delivery and are particularly promising for ocular indications. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and safety of a recombinant human monoclonal antibody (rhuMAb HER2) in rabbits after bolus intravitreal administration of(More)
Transmission electron microscopy of ultrathin sections was used to measure mouse retinal capillary basement membrane thickness (BMT). BMT increases predictably with age from 50 +/- 9 nm at 6 weeks to 154 +/- 27 nm at 20 months, but is not affected by strain or sex. There is an effect of retinal site, however, with BMT increasing with the radial distance(More)
A technique is described for preparing whole retinal vascular digests using distilled water and DNase. This produces a more satisfactory preparation of the mouse retinal vascular bed than "trypsin digestion." Nonetheless, the calculation of endothelial cell/pericyte (E/P) ratios based on cell counts from digest preparations has poor reproducibility due to(More)
GM-CSF transgenic mice develop eye disease during ontogeny that is mediated by autostimulated macrophages. The ocular pathology is characterized in part by corneal and vitreous neovascularization, pronounced GFAP expression by retinal Müller cells and degeneration of the retinal photoreceptor layer. The invading intraocular macrophages express the genes for(More)
The eyes of transgenic mice aberrantly expressing the murine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) gene contain an additional population of phagocytic cells which perturb ocular development. Immunohistochemical analysis shows that these phagocytic cells bear macrophage-specific surface antigens, while hybridization histochemical and(More)