Richard Cuthbertson

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Access of recombinant proteins to the retina following intravitreal administration is poorly understood. A study was conducted in male Rhesus monkeys (15 to 28 mo of age; 2.8-3.3 kg) in order to compare the intraocular tissue distribution, pharmacokinetics, and safety of 125Iodine (I)-labeled full-length humanized rhuMAb HER2 antibody (148 kD) and of(More)
Poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) bioresorbable microspheres are used for controlled-release drug delivery and are particularly promising for ocular indications. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and safety of a recombinant human monoclonal antibody (rhuMAb HER2) in rabbits after bolus intravitreal administration of(More)
We investigated (1), whether long-term (more than 6 months) streptozotocin-induced diabetes in mice had a detrimental effect on the function of pancreatic islet isografts; and (2), whether there was an effect on graft function in chronically diabetic mice of continuous pretransplant insulin infusion. BALB/c female mice that had been diabetic for more than 6(More)
Transmission electron microscopy of ultrathin sections was used to measure mouse retinal capillary basement membrane thickness (BMT). BMT increases predictably with age from 50 +/- 9 nm at 6 weeks to 154 +/- 27 nm at 20 months, but is not affected by strain or sex. There is an effect of retinal site, however, with BMT increasing with the radial distance(More)
Transgenic mice carrying the murine granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) gene expressed from a retroviral promoter exhibit elevated levels of GM-CSF in the serum, urine, peritoneal cavity, and eye. The eyes of transgenic mice are opaque, contain accumulations of macrophages, and develop retinal damage. Similarly, lesions containing(More)
We have compared the efficiency of foetal islet graft growth and function in renal subcapsular (systemic drainage) and splenic (portal drainage) sites. Age-matched female BALB/c streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic mice were grafted either under the left renal capsule or on to the hilar surface of the spleen with one half of a syngeneic 17-day gestation foetal(More)
Transgenic mice aberrantly expressing the granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) gene develop an unusual syndrome of blindness, tissue damage and wasting which is associated with accumulations of hemopoietic cells. In order to further characterize this disease state, we have used messenger RNA detection techniques to show that the genes(More)
Perturbations in capillary endothelial cell function are early events in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy. We used tritiated thymidine autoradiography to study the turn-over rate of retinal capillary endothelial cells in retinovascular preparations from normal, untreated diabetic and diabetic mice treated with pancreatic islet-cell transplants.(More)
The molecular events involved in normal and abnormal eye development are of pivotal importance, but the living mammalian embryo during organogenesis is virtually inaccessible to the investigator. We describe a method of whole embryo culture applicable both to rat and to mouse. With these techniques, embryos in vitro develop normally through the crucial(More)