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The present study was undertaken to investigate in a randomized controlled trial the effects of chronic (10 weeks, 4 h per day, 7 days per week) low-frequency (15 Hz) stimulation (CLFS) of the knee extensor and hamstring muscles of both legs in healthy volunteers via surface electrodes. A control group (n=10) underwent the same treatment (sham stimulation)(More)
Cancer can cause multiple impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions. According to individual case findings and needs, rehabilitation treatment is varied. The review mainly focuses on specific problems. Because of functional deficits cancer patients suffer from persistent emotional and social distress and a reduced quality of life(More)
AIMS Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) exhibit detrimental changes in skeletal muscle that contribute to their impaired physical performance. This study investigates the possibility of counteracting these changes by chronic low-frequency electrical stimulation (CLFS) of left and right thigh muscles. METHODS AND RESULTS (mean+/-SD) 32 CHF patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients in intensive care exhibit a high degree of loss of muscle mass. Appropriate instruments are needed to document muscle wasting in these patients. The aim of this pilot study was to describe muscle wasting in patients in the intensive care unit. DESIGN Two-fold study setting: prospective longitudinal and cross-sectional single-blind. (More)
AIMS The objective of the study was to test the relationship between isolated muscle strength and outcome, and its significance in the context of other exercise variables. METHODS AND RESULTS 122 consecutive patients (LVEF 21+/-7%) were enrolled in the study. Isokinetic strength testing of the knee extensor and flexor muscles were performed. A subset of(More)
AIM This pilot study aimed to compare muscle strength and quality of life (QOL) in cancer patients suffering from two different "typical male" cancer entities (prostate cancer and head and neck cancer). METHODS The Biodex System 3 device was used for isokinetic strength testing of thigh muscles in both groups. QOL was evaluated by using the SF-36 Health(More)
The aim is to review the modalities in musculoskeletal imaging with view on the prognostic impact for the patient’s and for social outcome and with view on three major fields of preventive medicine: nutrition and metabolism, sports, and patient education. The added value provided by preventive imaging is (1) to monitor bone health and body composition with(More)
Twenty percent of heart transplantation candidates have cardiac pacemakers. Application of neuromuscular electric stimulation (NMES) in patients with pacemakers is controversial because of potential electromagnetic field interference and subsequent failure of the pacemaker. We present a safety protocol as a procedure before applying NMES in pacemaker(More)
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation can be used to increase strength of skeletal muscle. In neuromuscular electrical stimulation of innervated skeletal muscle, the application of the highest possible intensities of electricity is an important determinant of therapeutic success with regard to strength training. The therapeutic goal of "strengthening(More)