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The isolation of high-quality RNA from various tissues (leaves, pedicels, glandular trichomes) of garden geranium (Pelargonium xhortorum) using various published methods is difficult due to numerous oxidizing compounds. A new RNA extraction method was developed through the combination and modification of two separate procedures (Rochester et al., 1986;(More)
Trichome exudate from mite-resistant geraniums (Pelargonium horlorum) was analyzed, principally by mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy. The exudate was found to consist of two anacardic acid derivatives,o-pentadecenylsalicylic acid ando-heptadecenylsalicylic acid. Bioassays established a moderate toxicity of these compounds to the two-spotted spider(More)
Insect-resistant and -susceptible geranium plants (Pelargonium xhortorum) were chemically and morphologically compared to assess the relative importance of resistance components. Glandular and nonglandular trichome density and quantification of trichome exudate (anacardic acids) from inbred resistant and susceptible lines were determined. Three different(More)
Expression of a catalytic alpha subunit of the sodium pump was followed in early Xenopus embryos for correlation with physiological experiments showing that the sodium pump controls cavity expansion and the differentiation of neurones from the neural plate. Two cDNAs (one full length, one partial) for alpha1 subunit isoforms were cloned from a neural plate(More)
The NMR-based discovery of biaryl hydroxamate inhibitors of the matrix metalloproteinase stromelysin (MMP-3) has been previously described (Hajduk et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1997, 119, 5818-5827). While potent in vitro, these inhibitors exhibited no in vivo activity due, at least in part, to the poor pharmacokinetic properties of the alkylhydroxamate moiety.(More)
The garden geranium (Pelargonium xhortorum) has been shown to secrete anacardic acids in the form of a viscous sticky exudate from tall glandular trichomes, and this exudate provides a sticky trap defense against small pest species. The anacardic acids from genetically related pest-resistant and -susceptible plants have been characterized, and resistance(More)
Geraniums (Pelargonium xhortorum Bailey) possess a pest-resistance mechanism, based on glandular trichomes and the exudate they produce, that has been shown to be effective against the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch). Using an intact plant bioassay, the effectiveness of the resistance mechanism was determined for another potential pest,(More)
Ozonolysis, dithioether derivatization, and EI and CI mass spectrometry were used to establish the location of the double bond in the side chain of the two major anacardic acids in geranium (Pelargonium hortorum) trichome exudate. The point of unsaturation was shown to be between C-5 and C-6 counting from the methyl end of the side chain, contradicting the(More)
To determine whether latent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) modifies DNA damage responses in B lymphocytes, cells were treated with agents either producing DNA cross-links and adducts or generating double-strand breaks. The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(WAF1) accumulated in mitogen-stimulated primary B cells following exposure to all genotoxins tested. In(More)