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PURPOSE Cost-utility analyses (CUAs) present the value of an intervention as the ratio of its incremental cost divided by its incremental survival benefit, with survival weighted by utilities to produce quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). We critically reviewed the CUA literature and its role in informing clinical oncology practice, research priorities,(More)
The objectives of this study were to explore the relation between body mass index (BMI) and prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and dyslipidaemia; examine BMI distributions among patients with these conditions; and compare results from two national surveys. The Study to Help Improve Early evaluation and management of risk factors Leading to(More)
BACKGROUND Many older individuals have concomitant hypertension and dyslipidaemia--two conditions that, together with age, increase the risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Adherence to antihypertensive (AH) and lipid-lowering (LL) therapy is therefore particularly important in older patients with concomitant hypertension and dyslipidaemia. OBJECTIVE To(More)
PURPOSE Cost-utility analysis is a type of cost-effectiveness analysis in which health effects are measured in terms of quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) gained. Such analyses have become popular for examining the health and economic consequences of health and medical interventions, and they have been recommended by leaders in the field. These(More)
The argument that prescription drugs are cost-effective has been made both by the pharmaceutical industry to support rising drug prices and expenditures, and by advocates of expanded drug coverage for elderly and low-income persons. A new database of 228 published cost-utility analyses sheds light on the issue. According to published data, some drugs do(More)
PURPOSE The Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine recommends an organized collection of preference measure values for health states that can be used in costutility analyses (CUAs). The authors sought to construct a catalog of preference scores from published CUAs, organize the catalog by clinical categories, and identify methods of preference(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors compiled a comprehensive league table of cost/QALY ratios, and a standardized table of analyses satisfying selected Reference Case criteria from the USPHS Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine. METHODS They identified 228 cost-utility analyses (CUAs) through literature searches, and abstracted data on methods and(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with comorbid hypertension and dyslipidemia are at high risk for cardiovascular disease, which can be considerably mitigated by treatment. Adherence with prescribed drug therapy is, therefore, especially important in these patients. This study was undertaken to describe the patterns and predictors of adherence with concomitant(More)
Daily maternal neck restraint, whole body restraint, hyperthermia, and ACTH treatment during the last 3rd of gestation had no reliable effect on open-field and cage-emergence behavior in male Sprague-Dawley offspring. Many of these treatments, however, produced considerable maternal pathology and evidence for maternal adrenocorticoid release. Significant(More)
BACKGROUND Studies derived from continuous national surveys have shown that the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes mellitus in the US is increasing. This study estimated the prevalence in 2004 of self-reported diagnosis of diabetes and other conditions in a community-based population, using data from the Study to Help Improve Early evaluation and management(More)