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Dysphagia, or difficulty swallowing, is a common problem in the elderly. Based on the initial clinical history and physical examination, the dysphagia is assessed as either primarily oropharyngeal or esophageal in origin. Most oropharyngeal dysphagia is of neurologic origin, and management is coordinated with a clinical swallow specialist in conjunction(More)
Liver lacerations are the most common intra-abdominal injury that leads to death, and control of hemorrhage remains the primary problem in lowering mortality from severe hepatic trauma. We retrospectively reviewed operative trauma cases in which liver packing and planned reoperation were used as temporizing measures in hemodynamically unstable patients.(More)
Thirty cases of acute cholecystitis in pregnancy were identified during a 12-year period. Twenty-one patients were successfully managed with medical therapy alone. Nine underwent surgical intervention, four after failing medical therapy and five as the initial approach to therapy. Surgical therapy was complicated by preterm labor and delivery in two(More)
Prostacyclin, or prostaglandin I2 (PGI2), and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) are potent, endogenously produced, vasoactive substances that have been implicated as mediators in the pathophysiologic nature of septic shock. We investigated the contribution and production of PGI2 and TXA2 in sepsis and septic shock, using an intact rabbit model and an in vitro rabbit(More)