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Dysphagia, or difficulty swallowing, is a common problem in the elderly. Based on the initial clinical history and physical examination, the dysphagia is assessed as either primarily oropharyngeal or esophageal in origin. Most oropharyngeal dysphagia is of neurologic origin, and management is coordinated with a clinical swallow specialist in conjunction(More)
Prostacyclin, or prostaglandin I2 (PGI2), and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) are potent, endogenously produced, vasoactive substances that have been implicated as mediators in the pathophysiologic nature of septic shock. We investigated the contribution and production of PGI2 and TXA2 in sepsis and septic shock, using an intact rabbit model and an in vitro rabbit(More)
O ver the past several decades, the United States has made unprecedented advances in medicine and technology. At the same time, America's ever-increasing diversity has enriched our nation culturally, linguistically, and economically. However, not all Americans are benefiting equally from improvements in health and health care, and in some cases, diversity(More)
Thirty cases of acute cholecystitis in pregnancy were identified during a 12-year period. Twenty-one patients were successfully managed with medical therapy alone. Nine underwent surgical intervention, four after failing medical therapy and five as the initial approach to therapy. Surgical therapy was complicated by preterm labor and delivery in two(More)
Liver lacerations are the most common intra-abdominal injury that leads to death, and control of hemorrhage remains the primary problem in lowering mortality from severe hepatic trauma. We retrospectively reviewed operative trauma cases in which liver packing and planned reoperation were used as temporizing measures in hemodynamically unstable patients.(More)
Oriental cholangitis is a poorly understood syndrome consisting of intrahepatic pigment stone formation with chronically recurrent exacerbations and remissions. Endemic to Asia, it is being encountered more frequently in the United States due to increased immigration of asians. Twenty-one patients with oriental cholangitis (9 men and 12 women), 19 to 84(More)