Learn More
To investigate the progression of cellular injury in a model of hippocampal epileptogenesis, we used two histochemical methods reported to specifically label injured neurons, the Dark Neuron stain and Fluoro-Jade. Pilocarpine was administered systemically (380mg/kg i.p.) to induce status epilepticus. The duration of status epilepticus was controlled to last(More)
Tiagabine is a potent GABA uptake inhibitor with demonstrated anticonvulsant activity. GABA uptake inhibitors are believed to produce their anticonvulsant effects by prolonging the postsynaptic actions of GABA, released during episodes of neuronal hyperexcitability. However, tiagabine has recently been reported to facilitate the depolarizing actions of GABA(More)
The effects of the 7-aminobutyric acid (GABA) uptake blocker tiagabine on isolated inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) were examined in CA1 pyramidal cells of the rat hippocampal slice preparation. The IPSPs were elicited by either single stimuli or by high frequency (100 Hz, 200 ms) stimulation (HFS) of inhibitory interneurons. Bath applied(More)
The anticonvulsant activity of racemic and (+)-propranolol was studied in rats. Neither drug changed the current to produce a minimal seizure in 50% of animals. Both drugs were effective in the maximal electroshock seizure test, the (+) isomer being more potent than the racemic form. Since the (+) isomer is practically devoid of beta-adrenergic blocking(More)
The antiepileptic drug, gamma-vinyl GABA (GVG, vigabatrin), is an irreversible inhibitor of GABA-transaminase, the enzyme responsible for the breakdown of GABA. In hippocampal slices prepared from rats pretreated with either an anticonvulsant dose of GVG (1500 mg/kg) or saline, electrophysiological recordings were performed in order to examine the effects(More)
The relationship of the depressant effect of baclofen on spinal monosynaptic transmission and its effect on the excitability of primary afferents was examined in spinal unanesthetized cats. Baclofen (1.0 mg/kg, i.v.) produced a deep and long-lasting depression of spinal reflex responses with a concomitant decrease of terminal excitability. Primary afferent(More)
1. A single administration of the ganglion blocker, chlorisondamine (10 mg kg-1, s.c.) is known to produce a quasi-irreversible blockade of the central actions of nicotine in the rat. The mechanism of this persistent action is not known. It is also unclear whether chlorisondamine can block neuronal responses to excitatory amino acids and whether chronic(More)
1. The transmission in the spinal monosynaptic pathway was studied during repetitive stimulation of a motor nerve by 10 stimuli at 2, 5, or 10 Hz in spinal cats. Initially, the amplitudes of the monosynaptic responses rapidly declined, reaching a plateau after a few stimuli. The level of the plateau was inversely related to the frequency of stimulation. 2.(More)
The site at which diethyl ether impairs transmission in the spinal monosynaptic pathway was studied by intracellular recording from lumbosacral motoneurons. The drug was administered by inhalation to spinal cats, in concentrations which produce surgical anesthesia. Ether had no significant effect on resting potential or input resistance of the cell(More)
The acute effects of gamma-vinyl-GABA (GVG) on GABAergic inhibition were investigated in the hippocampal slice preparation using the paired-pulse test of inhibition during extracellular recordings. Superfusion of GVG (100-500 microM) for 60 min resulted in a concentration-dependent decrease in GABAergic inhibition. Slices superfused with higher(More)