Richard C. Venema

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Endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) is regulated by signaling pathways involving multiple sites of phosphorylation. The coordinated phosphorylation of eNOS at Ser(1179) and dephosphorylation at Thr(497) activates the enzyme, whereas inhibition results when Thr(497) is phosphorylated and Ser(1179) is dephosphorylated. We have identified two further(More)
Endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) and caveolin-1 are associated within endothelial plasmalemmal caveolae. It is not known, however, whether eNOS and caveolin-1 interact directly or indirectly or whether the interaction affects eNOS activity. To answer these questions, we have cloned the bovine caveolin-1 cDNA and have investigated the eNOS-caveolin-1(More)
Endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) is phosphorylated at Ser-1179 (bovine sequence) by Akt after growth factor or shear stress stimulation of endothelial cells, resulting in increased eNOS activity. Purified eNOS is also phosphorylated at Thr-497 by purified AMP-activated protein kinase, resulting in decreased eNOS activity. We investigated whether(More)
Ascorbic acid enhances NO bioactivity in patients with vascular disease through unclear mechanism(s). We investigated the role of intracellular ascorbic acid in endothelium-derived NO bioactivity. Incubation of porcine aortic endothelial cells (PAECs) with ascorbic acid produced time- and dose-dependent intracellular ascorbic acid accumulation that enhanced(More)
The response to amino acid starvation involves the global decrease of protein synthesis and an increase in the translation of some mRNAs that contain an internal ribosome entry site (IRES). It was previously shown that translation of the mRNA for the arginine/lysine amino acid transporter Cat-1 increases during amino acid starvation via a mechanism that(More)
Angiotensin II (ANG II) exerts its effects on vascular smooth muscle cells through G protein-coupled AT1 receptors. ANG II stimulation activates the Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway by inducing tyrosine phosphorylation, activation, and association of JAK2 with the receptor. Association appears to be required(More)
Stimulation of bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) with bradykinin produces cycles of tyrosine phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of a 90 kDa endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-associated protein which we have termed ENAP-1 (for endothelial nitric oxide synthase-associated protein 1). ENAP-1 interacts specifically and tightly with eNOS in BAEC and(More)
Neuronal nitric-oxide synthase (nNOS) has been shown previously to interact with alpha1-syntrophin in the dystrophin complex of skeletal muscle. In the present study, we have examined whether nNOS also interacts with caveolin-3 in skeletal muscle. nNOS and caveolin-3 are coimmunoprecipitated from rat skeletal muscle homogenates by antibodies directed(More)
Phosphorylation of cardiac myofibrillar proteins by protein kinase C (PKC) in isolated adult rat cardiomyocytes has been compared with that mediated by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). PKA activation by beta-adrenoreceptor (isoproterenol) stimulation results in stoichiometric phosphorylation of troponin I (TnI) and C-protein. PKC activation by(More)
The effect of extracellular L-arginine and L-glutamine on nitric oxide (NO) release was studied in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells and in rabbit aortic rings. Increasing L-arginine (0.01 to 10 mM) did not alter NO release from cultured endothelial cells or modify endothelium-dependent relaxation to acetylcholine in isolated vessels. L-Glutamine(More)