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HILE the theory of the genetic changes in a population due to selection is quite well understood for single loci, our theory for multiple-gene characters is in a rudimentary stage. Most of the formulations for multiple-gene characters are simply extensions of single-locus models, extensions which ignore the problem of linkage. There are, however, a few(More)
Ne1 mezzo del cammin di nostra vita mi ritrovai per una selva oscura, che la diritta via era smarrita. Ahi quanto a dir qual era 2 cosa dura questa selvu selvaggia ed aspra e forte, che ne1 pensier rinnova la paura. DANTE PREFACE This book has grown, or better, exploded out of the Jesup Lectures that I gave at Columbia in 1969. Previous lecturers, in their(More)
The variation in gene frequency among populations or between generations within a population is a result of breeding structure and selection. But breeding structure should affect all loci and alleles in the same way. If there is significant heterogeneity between loci in their apparent inbreeding coefficients F=s(p) (2)/p(1-p), this heterogeneity may be(More)
Robustness is the invariance of phenotypes in the face of perturbation. The robustness of phenotypes appears at various levels of biological organization, including gene expression, protein folding, metabolic flux, physiological homeostasis, development, and even organismal fitness. The mechanisms underlying robustness are diverse, ranging from(More)
If a population is growing in a randomly varying environment, such that the finite rate of increase per generation is a random variable with no serial autocorrelation, the logarithm of population size at any time t is normally distributed. Even though the expectation of population size may grow infinitely large with time, the probability of extinction may(More)
A study of polymorphism and species divergence of the dpp gene of Drosophila has been made. Eighteen lines from a population of D. melanogaster were sequenced for 5200 bp of the Hin region of the gene, coding for the dpp polypeptide. A comparison was made with sequence from D. simulans. Ninety-six silent polymorphisms and three amino acid replacement(More)