Learn More
The postnatal forebrain subventricular zone (SVZ) harbors stem cells that give rise to olfactory bulb interneurons throughout life. The identity of stem cells in the adult SVZ has been extensively debated. Although, ependymal cells were once suggested to have stem cell characteristics, subsequent studies have challenged the initial report and postulated(More)
Sulfation is critical to the function of a wide variety of biomolecules. This common modification requires the enzymatic synthesis of an activated sulfate donor, phosphoadenosine-phosphosulfate (PAPS). In higher organisms PAPS synthesis is catalyzed by a bifunctional sulfurylase kinase (SK) polypeptide having both ATP-sulfurylase and(More)
We have established the presence of at least two large chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans in the developing chick brain, one that reacts exclusively with HNK-1, a carbohydrate epitope found on several neural specific molecules, and one that reacts with S103L, a defined peptide epitope in the CS-2 domain of the cartilage-specific chondroitin sulfate(More)
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) abnormally accumulate in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of both human neonates with preterm hydrocephalus, and P8 hydrocephalic mice. We hypothesized CSF CSPGs are synthesized by neural precursors, separated from ventricular CSF by ependyma, which is often disrupted in hydrocephalus. Western blotting demonstrates that(More)
Cellular immune repsonses were determined by skin testing and mitogen- and antigen-induced blastic transformation of peripheral blood lymphocyte cultures in 24 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 24 normal subjects. The incidence of positive skin tests with Candida albicans, PPD (tuberculin-purified protein derivative) intermediate(More)
In the premature infant, periventricular leukomalacia, usually related to hypoxicischemic white matter damage, is the main cause of neurological impairment. We hypothesized that protracted prenatal hypoxia might induce white matter damage during the perinatal period. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were placed in a chamber supplied with hypoxic gas (10% O2-90%(More)
BACKGROUND Progressive post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus in preterm infants strongly predicts abnormal neurologic development, and often accompanies cystic periventricular leukomalacia (cPVL). Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), associated with hydrocephalus, can upregulate the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (CSPG) synthesis. To date, CSPG and(More)
A lambda gt11 expression library containing cDNA from total chick embryo was screened with S103L, a rat monoclonal antibody which reacts specifically with the core protein of the chick cartilage chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan. One clone was identified which produced a 220-kDa beta-galactosidase/S103L-binding fusion protein. Sequencing the entire(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of preterm patients with hydrocephalus for neural progenitors. STUDY DESIGN This report describes a prospective study of CSF obtained from preterm infants, either with progressive posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PPHH) or without known intercranial pathology. Cells recovered by centrifugation were analyzed by(More)
Two different chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPG) in embryonic chick brain were distinguished by immunoreactivity either with S103L, a rat monoclonal antibody which reacts specifically with an 11-amino-acid region in the chondroitin sulfate domain of the core protein of chick cartilage CSPG (Krueger, R. C., Jr., Fields, T. A., Mensch, J. R., and(More)