Richard C. Kiefer

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UNLABELLED BACKGROUND The ability to conduct genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has enabled new exploration of how genetic variations contribute to health and disease etiology. However, historically GWAS have been limited by inadequate sample size due to associated costs for genotyping and phenotyping of study subjects. This has prompted several(More)
The ability to conduct genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has enabled new exploration of how genetic variations contribute to health and disease etiology. However, historically GWAS have been limited by inadequate sample size due to associated costs for genotyping and phenotyping of study subjects. This has prompted several academic medical centers to(More)
The ability to conduct genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has enabled new exploration of how genetic variations contribute to health and disease etiology. One of the key requirements to perform GWAS is the identification of subject cohorts with accurate classification of disease phenotypes. In this work, we study how emerging Semantic Web technologies(More)
The Linked Open Data (LOD) community project at the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is publishing various open data sets as Resource Description Framework (RDF) on the Web and extending it by setting RDF links between data items from different data sources containing information about genes, proteins, pathways, diseases, and drugs. While this presents a(More)
In this study, we describe our efforts in developing a semantic framework for representing the Quality Data Model (QDM) to support phenotype authoring and execution. We discuss the modeling challenges and potentials of the framework that could not only provide a semantic meta-data repository and data elements services, but also enable a standard-based(More)
By nature, healthcare data is highly complex and voluminous. While on one hand, it provides unprecedented opportunities to identify hidden and unknown relationships between patients and treatment outcomes, or drugs and allergic reactions for given individuals, representing and querying large network datasets poses significant technical challenges. In this(More)
This study describes our efforts in developing a standards-based semantic metadata repository for supporting electronic health record (EHR)-driven phenotype authoring and execution. Our system comprises three layers: 1) a semantic data element repository layer; 2) a semantic services layer; and 3) a phenotype application layer. In a prototype(More)
BACKGROUND Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly used for clinical and translational research through the creation of phenotype algorithms. Currently, phenotype algorithms are most commonly represented as noncomputable descriptive documents and knowledge artifacts that detail the protocols for querying diagnoses, symptoms, procedures,(More)
OBJECTIVE To review and evaluate available software tools for electronic health record-driven phenotype authoring in order to identify gaps and needs for future development. MATERIALS AND METHODS Candidate phenotype authoring tools were identified through (1) literature search in four publication databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus) and(More)