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Patients with more recently diagnosed Huntington's disease (RHD) were compared on a neuropsychological test battery with patients who had had the disease one to eight years (moderate HD) and with asymptomatic offspring. Though the patients with HD showed deficits in motor and motor-independent abilities, the patients with RHD were less impaired on factors(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors evaluated the efficacy and safety of augmenting clozapine with risperidone in patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia. METHOD In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 12-week trial, 40 patients unresponsive or partially responsive to clozapine monotherapy received a steady dose of clozapine combined with either(More)
Polydipsia among chronic psychiatric patients is poorly understood and underdiagnosed. It may have three stages: simple polydipsia, polydipsia with water intoxication, and physical complications. Epidemiological surveys have used staff reports and polyuria measures to identify polydipsic patients. Water intoxication has been screened by chart review,(More)
To replicate the findings of a sensory gating deficit in schizophrenia, and to determine if normals and schizophrenics are equally affected by cognitively mediated task-relevant factors, 10 healthy and 10 schizophrenic young adults were tested in two experimental conditions. In the first condition a pair of identical auditory clicks (conditioning stimulus(More)
In normal subjects after a single oral dose, haloperidol half-life has been reported to range 14.5-36.7 hours (or up to 1.5 days). After chronic administration, half-lives of up to 21 days have been reported. The objective of this study was to evaluate specific factors that might account for differences in haloperidol half-life in patients taking(More)
An algorithm for drug dosage individualization is proposed. The algorithm assumes a random intercept linear model for the log of trough-plasma-concentration-to-dosage ratio of the drug at steady-state, and aims at determining an optimum dosage for producing a trough steady-state plasma concentration within a target concentration range. The minimum number of(More)
To determine if attentional factors influence the suppression of the auditory P50 in a conditioning-testing paradigm, known as the 'sensory gating' effect, we tested 10 healthy young adults in four experimental conditions. The first condition was the traditional passive conditioning-testing paradigm in which a pair of identical auditory clicks is(More)
OBJECTIVE This study explored the relative efficacy of three different doses of clozapine. METHOD Fifty patients who met Kane et al.'s criteria for treatment-refractory schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were studied. All subjects were randomly assigned to 100, 300, or 600 mg/day of clozapine for 16 weeks of double-blind treatment. Forty-eight(More)
Auditory and visual evoked potentials elicited by acoustic click (AEP) and checkerboard pattern flash (VEP) were recorded from 15 locations in 21 patients with Huntington's disease (HD) and 21 controls matched for age and sex. Peak latencies were approximately the same for both groups, except that AEP peak N100 appeared earlier in HDs. The main deviation in(More)