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ACkNowleDgmeNts The authors would like to thank Vikas Kapil and Lisa McGuire for their editorial comments, Karen Thomas for her programming assistance and Michael Lionbarger. The authors also offer sincere appreciation to the many advisors to this report, including Kevin Webb and Dionne Williams, for their guidance. The findings and conclusions in this(More)
PURPOSE A spontaneously arising, apparently transformed, cell line has been cloned from a primary culture of human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and has been subcultured more than 200 times. The similarities of these cells to human RPE cells in vivo have been determined. METHODS The structure of the transformed cells has been determined by light(More)
PURPOSE Because retinal pigment epithelial cells in epiretinal membranes remodel and contract their surrounding extracellular matrix, investigations were performed to determine if these cells can produce matrix metalloproteinases and contract collagen gels in vitro in the presence of serum or cytokines. METHODS Cells were grown on collagen gels and their(More)
The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma's Advanced Trauma Life Support Course is currently taught in 50 countries. The 8th edition has been revised following broad input by the International ATLS subcommittee. Graded levels of evidence were used to evaluate and approve changes to the course content. New materials related to principles of(More)
PURPOSE Proliferative vitreoretinopathy occurs when cells migrate into the vitreous humor, where they proliferate and produce a membrane composed of extracellular matrix. Interleukin-1-beta (IL-1-beta) may be involved in these processes because it is chemotactic and mitogenic, and it stimulates metalloproteinase production. In the present study, the effects(More)
PURPOSE Changes in gene expression were investigated after treatment of cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells with vitreous. This may have implications for proliferative diseases such as proliferative vitreoretinopathy. METHODS Cells were cultured in the presence or absence of human vitreous, and gene expression was examined using the(More)
PURPOSE In retinopathy of prematurity, capillary growth in the retina is attenuated. Subsequent cyclic elevation of oxygen levels leads to renewed capillary growth that may eventually result in retinal detachment. It is hypothesized that the sensitivity of the premature retina to oxidative shock results from the absence of antioxidant protective proteins.(More)