Richard C. Hunt

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PURPOSE Because retinal pigment epithelial cells in epiretinal membranes remodel and contract their surrounding extracellular matrix, investigations were performed to determine if these cells can produce matrix metalloproteinases and contract collagen gels in vitro in the presence of serum or cytokines. METHODS Cells were grown on collagen gels and their(More)
PURPOSE Integrins, heterodimeric cell surface glycoproteins, are involved in cell-substratum and cell-cell interactions. The role of these molecules in cytokine-mediated contraction of extracellular matrix by retinal pigment epithelial cells has been investigated in a model system that may mimic epiretinal membrane contraction during retinal detachment in(More)
PURPOSE A spontaneously arising, apparently transformed, cell line has been cloned from a primary culture of human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and has been subcultured more than 200 times. The similarities of these cells to human RPE cells in vivo have been determined. METHODS The structure of the transformed cells has been determined by light(More)
PURPOSE Changes in gene expression were investigated after treatment of cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells with vitreous. This may have implications for proliferative diseases such as proliferative vitreoretinopathy. METHODS Cells were cultured in the presence or absence of human vitreous, and gene expression was examined using the(More)
PURPOSE Proliferative vitreoretinopathy occurs when cells migrate into the vitreous humor, where they proliferate and produce a membrane composed of extracellular matrix. Interleukin-1-beta (IL-1-beta) may be involved in these processes because it is chemotactic and mitogenic, and it stimulates metalloproteinase production. In the present study, the effects(More)
PURPOSE In retinopathy of prematurity, capillary growth in the retina is attenuated. Subsequent cyclic elevation of oxygen levels leads to renewed capillary growth that may eventually result in retinal detachment. It is hypothesized that the sensitivity of the premature retina to oxidative shock results from the absence of antioxidant protective proteins.(More)
PURPOSE In an in vitro model of the later contractile stages of proliferative vitreoretinopathy, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) stimulate the contraction of collagen gels by retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. This contraction occurs after a lag period and appears not to be a direct effect of the cytokines(More)
PURPOSE In proliferative vitreoretinopathy retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT). Vitreous and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) have been implicated in this EMT. The role of TGFbeta in the vitreous-mediated transformation of low-passage human RPE cells was investigated. METHODS Cells were(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the alterations in gene expression when human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in culture are treated with vitreous as a model for the changes that occur in proliferative vitreoretinopathy. METHODS Human RPE cells were cultured with or without human vitreous or collagen. RNA was extracted and reverse transcribed. The RNAs(More)