Richard C. Carlsen

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We tested the hypothesis that exposure to eccentric (lengthening) contractions results in greater damage and more prolonged recovery in aged rat muscle (32 months) than in adult muscle (6 months), and that the adaptation usually associated with a single exposure to eccentric exercise is reduced in the aged muscle. Experiments were performed using a new rat(More)
We tested the hypothesis that eccentric contractions activate mechanosensitive or stretch-activated ion channels (SAC) in skeletal muscles, producing increased cation conductance. Resting membrane potentials and contractile function were measured in rat tibialis anterior muscles after single or multiple exposures to a series of eccentric contractions. Each(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether continuous infusion of an anabolic steroid, stanozolol, would alter skeletal muscle size and performance in sedentary male mice. The study was performed as a preliminary to an investigation on the effect of anabolic steroids on skeletal muscle regeneration in the mdx mouse, an animal model used for the(More)
1. The vibration-evoked startle response mediates rapid withdrawal in burrowed larval lampreys (ammocoetes). Ammocoetes withdraw in response to vibration by contracting pre-existing lateral bends in the trunk and tail, thus pulling their heads deeper into the burrow. 2. The motor effects of an ammocoete startle response are dependent on pre-existing(More)
Nerve-evoked contractile activity in skeletal muscle regulates transcript and protein levels of many metabolic genes in a coordinate fashion, including the muscle isozyme of glycogen phosphorylase (MGP). Cellular signaling mechanisms mediating the activity-dependent modulation of MGP transcript levels were investigated in a spontaneously contractile rat(More)
1. Motoneurones provide trophic control of some of the functional characteristics of skeletal muscle fibres. This study has been designed to test whether the adenylate cyclase: cyclic AMP system may offer one potential mechanism for the mediation of neurotrophic regulation. 2. The concentration of cyclic AMP was measured at various intervals after muscle(More)
This report describes the histochemical and physiological properties of a rat skeletal muscle with a robust activity-dependent slow inward Ca2+ current. The muscle, the flexor digitorum brevis (FDB), is a small plantar flexor from the hindfoot. It is a homogeneous muscle consisting of approximately 90% fast-twitch oxidative-glycolytic (type IIA) fibers.(More)
Gated 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance followed the metabolic fluctuation in rat gastrocnemius muscle during a contraction cycle. Within 16 ms after stimulation, the phosphocreatine (PCr) level drops 11.3% from its reference state. The PCr minimum corresponds closely to the time of maximum force contraction. Pi increases stoichiometrically, while ATP remains(More)
The effect of increasing age on contractile performance and catecholamine receptor activity was investigated in a distal, predominantly fast twitch oxidative glycolytic (FOG) muscle from the plantar surface of the rat hindfoot. The ability of the flexor digitorum brevis (FDB), isolated from anesthetized rats and maintained in vitro, to undergo post-tetanic(More)