Richard Buchholz

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Most birds are able to sense ultraviolet (UV) visual signals. Ultraviolet wavelengths are used for plumage signaling and sexual selection among birds. The aim of our study was to determine if UV cues are also used for the process of food selection in wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo). We used avoidance conditioning to test the hypothesis that UV feeding(More)
To determine whether the frequency shift recorded in basal cerebral arteries corresponds to "true" flow velocities, a prospective comparative study of transcranial color duplex sonography (TCCD) and transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) was performed. A 2.0-MHz transducer of a computerized TCCD system and a TCD device were used. The middle cerebral artery(More)
This study determines how performance on the simple, low exertion Functional Assessment Screening Test (FAST) relates to performance on more extensive physical and psychological testing. One hundred eighty-eight persons with chronic back disability and 17 spine healthy volunteers underwent the FAST (three 2-min static tests [kneeling, stooping, and(More)
BACKGROUND Decompressive craniectomy in the treatment of posttraumatic brain swelling is not generally accepted. Until now the efficacy of operative decompressive craniectomy in posttraumatic brain swelling of children appeared more promising. However, the criteria for such procedures remain unclearly defined. METHODS We present two children who had(More)
We have established a new xenogeneic animal model of leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) by intracisternal inoculation of human CEM T-cell lymphoma into nude rats, and used it to evaluate the anti-lymphoma efficacy of an anti-CD7 ricin A chain immunotoxin (DA7). In vitro incubation with 2 microg/ml DA7 for 72 h inhibited CEM cells by 90% in a trypan blue(More)
We will read and discuss the paper(s) during the second hour (3-3:45) of each course meeting. Variation in the daily rhythm of body temperature of free-living Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx): does water limitation drive heterothermy? Journal of Comparative Physiology B
To evaluate new cytotoxic drugs for intrathecal treatment we developed an experimental model of leptomeningeal metastasis by intracisternal injection of 10(4) B16-F10 melanoma cells in nude rats. One hour in vitro incubation with 20 micrograms/ml ACNU (area under the drug concentration-time curve = 1200 microgramsxmin/ml) induced a 4-log kill of B16(More)
The efficacy of intrathecal treatment of leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) with interleukin-2 (IL-2) was evaluated in an animal model using Wistar rats inoculated intracisternally with 10(7) C6 glioma cells. Prior to the in vivo experiments the antiproliferative effects of human IL-2, and of murine IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha which are cytokines induced by IL-2(More)
MR imaging of the rat brain has become an increasingly frequently used method in experimental neuroradiology. On a generally available 1.5 T whole body tomograph, supplemented with an individually made small coil and a special SE sequence we obtained fairly fine images of the structures of the rat brain. With gadolinium-DTPA, we were able to visualize(More)
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