Richard Bruce

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This paper describes the Liveboard, a large interactive display system. With nearly one million pixels and an accurate, multi-state, cordless pen, the Liveboard provides a basis for research on user interfaces for group meetings, presentations and remote collaboration. We describe the underlying hardware and software of the Liveboard, along with several(More)
With the multitude of existing and upcoming wireless standards, it is becoming increasingly difficult for hardware-only baseband processing solutions to adapt to the rapidly changing wireless communication landscape. Software Defined Radio (SDR) promises to deliver a cost effective and flexible solution by implementing a wide variety of wireless protocols(More)
Although a reliable method for detection of cancer cells in blood would be an important tool for diagnosis and monitoring of solid tumors in early stages, current technologies cannot reliably detect the extremely low concentrations of these rare cells. The preferred method of detection, automated digital microscopy (ADM), is too slow to scan the large(More)
Epithelial tumor cells circulate in peripheral blood at ultra-low concentrations in cancer patients. We have developed an instrument capable of rapid and accurate detection of rare cells in circulation utilizing fiber-optic array scanning technology (FAST). The FAST cytometer can locate immunofluorescently labeled rare cells on glass substrates at scan(More)
Patients with locally advanced/inflammatory breast cancer (LABC/IBC) face a high likelyhood of recurrence and prognosis for relapsed, or de novo stage IV metastatic breast cancer (MBC) remains poor. Estrogen (ER) and HER2 receptor expression on primary or MBC allow targeted therapies, but an estimated 10–18% of tumors do not exhibit these biomarkers and(More)
Several methodologies exist to enumerate circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from the blood of cancer patients; however, most methodologies lack high-resolution imaging, and thus, little is known about the cytomorphologic features of these cells. In this study of metastatic colorectal cancer patients, we used immunofluorescent staining with fiber-optic array(More)
We report a detailed cytomorphologic evaluation of the circulating component of widely metastatic breast carcinoma. A previously healthy 38-year-old woman was diagnosed with breast cancer. Wide local excision revealed a 1.7-cm infiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma, BSR score 7/9 with angiolymphatic invasion, and 4/20 lymph nodes positive for carcinoma. Five(More)
The Eph receptor tyrosine kinases and their ligands, the ephrins, regulate numerous biological processes in developing and adult tissues and have been implicated in cancer progression and in pathological forms of angiogenesis. We report the crystal structure of the EphB4 receptor in complex with a highly specific antagonistic peptide at a resolution of 1.65(More)
PURPOSE To utilize a novel circulating tumor cell (CTC) technology to quantify ERCC1 expression on CTCs and determine whether ERCC1 expression levels predict efficacy of platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN ERCC1 expression was measured in 17 metastatic NSCLC patients who received(More)
Enthalpy arrays enable label-free, solution-based calorimetric detection of molecular interactions in a 96-detector array format. The combination of the small size of the detectors and the ability to perform measurements in parallel results in a significant reduction of sample volume and measurement time compared with conventional calorimetry. We have made(More)