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Rapid-eye movement (REM) sleep correlates with neuronal activity in the brainstem, basal forebrain and lateral hypothalamus. Lateral hypothalamus melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH)-expressing neurons are active during sleep, but their effects on REM sleep remain unclear. Using optogenetic tools in newly generated Tg(Pmch-cre) mice, we found that acute(More)
PCR amplification using COnsensus DEgenerate Hybrid Oligonucleotide Primers (CODEHOPs) has proven to be highly effective for identifying unknown pathogens and characterizing novel genes. We describe iCODEHOP; a new interactive web application that simplifies the process of designing and selecting CODEHOPs from multiply-aligned protein sequences. iCODEHOP(More)
The package insert (aka drug product label) is the only publicly-available source of information on drug-drug interactions (DDIs) for some drugs, especially newer ones. Thus, an automated method for identifying DDIs in drug package inserts would be a potentially important complement to methods for identifying DDIs from other sources such as the scientific(More)
Structured Product Labels (SPLs) contain information about drugs that can be valuable to clinical and translational research, especially if it can be linked to other sources that provide data about drug targets, chemical properties, interactions, and biological pathways. Unfortunately, SPLs currently provide coarsely-structured drug information and lack the(More)
BACKGROUND The Web provides widespread access to vast quantities of health-related information that can improve quality-of-life through better understanding of personal symptoms, medical conditions, and available treatments. Unfortunately, identifying a credible and personally relevant subset of information can be a time-consuming and challenging task for(More)
Multiple studies indicate that drug-drug interactions are a significant source of preventable adverse drug events. Factors contributing to the occurrence of preventable ADEs resulting from DDIs include a lack of knowledge of the patient's concurrent medications and inaccurate or inadequate knowledge of interactions by health care providers. FDA-approved(More)
Whether seizures in the developing brain cause long-term changes in the mature brain has been debated. We tested the hypothesis that a model of early-life seizures, induced by systemic injection of a GABA(B) receptor antagonist CGP56999A in immature rats, decreased GABA(B) receptor-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) in the hippocampus of(More)
Postictal movement dysfunction is a common symptom in patients with epilepsy. We investigated the involvement of opioid receptors in the nucleus accumbens (NAC) in amygdaloid kindling-induced postictal decrease in locomotion (PDL) in rats. Seizures were induced by daily electrical stimulation of the basolateral amygdala until four consecutive stage 5(More)
Rapid eye movement sleep (REMS) has been linked with spatial and emotional memory consolidation. However, establishing direct causality between neural activity during REMS and memory consolidation has proven difficult because of the transient nature of REMS and significant caveats associated with REMS deprivation techniques. In mice, we optogenetically(More)
Seizures are relatively common in children and are a risk factor for subsequent temporal lobe epilepsy. To investigate whether early-life seizures themselves are detrimental to the proper function of the adult brain, we studied whether dendritic excitation and inhibition in the hippocampus of adult rats were altered after hyperthermia-induced seizures in(More)