Richard Bourgault

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Suberin is a lipid and phenolic cell wall heteropolymer found in the roots and other organs of all vascular plants. Suberin plays a critical role in plant water relations and in protecting plants from biotic and abiotic stresses. Here we describe a transcription factor, AtMYB41 (At4g28110), that can activate the steps necessary for aliphatic suberin(More)
Activity of endo-beta-mannanase increases during ripening of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) fruit of the cultivar Trust. beta-Mannoside mannohydrolase is also present during ripening, but its pattern of activity is different from that of endo-beta-mannanase. The increase in endo-beta-mannanase activity is greatest in the skin, and less in the outer(More)
The benzylisoquinoline alkaloids of opium poppy, including the narcotic analgesics morphine and codeine, accumulate in the multinucleate cytoplasm of specialized laticifers that accompany vascular tissues throughout the plant. In mature opium poppy plants, immunofluorescence labeling using specific antibodies showed that four alkaloid biosynthetic enzymes,(More)
The accuracy of the sensitive gel-diffusion assay for endo-beta-mannanase activity was improved when protein was added to fruit extracts or into the substrate-gel matrix in which the enzyme assays were conducted. Mixing of commercially available protease inhibitors with fruit enzyme extracts also resulted in increased assayable activity. These treatments(More)
Fruits of the tomato cultivar Walter undergo normal development to the red-ripe stage but, unlike those of the cultivar Trust, they do not produce any active endo-beta-mannanase. Reasons for this failure to produce the enzyme were sought. The cv. Walter contains genes for endo-beta-mannanase, as shown by Southern blot analysis, and transcripts for the(More)
Endo-beta-mannanase cDNAs were cloned and characterized from ripening tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv Trust) fruit, which produces an active enzyme, and from the tomato cv Walter, which produces an inactive enzyme. There is a two-nucleotide deletion in the gene from tomato cv Walter, which results in a frame shift and the deletion of four amino(More)
High amounts of endo-β-mannanase (EC activity were extracted from tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) fruits when a high-salt-containing buffer was used. Two pI forms of the fruit enzyme were identified, one being much more basic than the many seed isoforms. The number of isoforms increased if a protease inhibitor was not used during(More)
A strain of Streptomyces lividans 66 deleted for a major tripeptidyl aminopeptidase (Tap) was used as a host to screen an S. lividans genomic library for clones overexpressing activity against the chromogenic substrate Ala-Pro-Ala-beta-naphthylamide. In addition to reisolation of the tap gene, clones representing another locus, slpD, were uncovered. slpD(More)
The three-dimensional crystal structure of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) beta-mannanase 4a (LeMAN4a) has been determined to 1.5 A resolution. The enzyme adopts the (beta/alpha)(8) fold common to the members of glycohydrolase family GH5. The structure is comparable with those of the homologous Trichoderma reesei and Thermomonospora fusca beta-mannanases:(More)
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