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Besides focusing on the adaptive significance of collective movements, it is crucial to study the mechanisms and dynamics of decision-making processes at the individual level underlying the higher-scale collective movements. It is now commonly admitted that collective decisions emerge from interactions between individuals, but how individual decisions are(More)
Two processes are generally mixed when considering ungulate sexual segregation: the social segregation which appears to be a rule in polygamous ungulate species and the spatial segregation which is facultative. Early in life, there is evidence that males and females exhibit different levels of activity and patterns of interaction which could lead to(More)
Elucidating whether common general mechanisms govern collective movements in a wide range of species is a central issue in the study of social behaviour. In this paper, we describe a new experimental paradigm for studying the dynamic of collective movements. Some sheep (Ovis aries) were first trained to move towards a coloured panel, in response to a sound(More)
Individuals of gregarious species that initiate collective movement require mechanisms of cohesion in order to maintain advantages of group living. One fundamental question in the study of collective movement is what individual rules are employed when making movement decisions. Previous studies have revealed that group movements often depend on social(More)
Natal dispersal is defined as the movement between the natal range and the site of first breeding and is one of the most important processes in population dynamics. The choice an individual makes between dispersal and philopatry may be condition dependent, influenced by either phenotypic attributes and/or environmental factors. Interindividual variability(More)
The activity budget hypothesis has been proposed to explain the social segregation commonly observed in ungulate populations. This hypothesis suggests that differences in body size – i.e. between dimorphic males and females – may account for differences in activity budget. In particular, if females spend more time grazing and less time resting than males,(More)
We investigated the effects of activity, group size and sex composition on the cohesion of merino sheep (Ovis aries) groups. Mixed-sex (50% of each sex) and single-sex groups of 2, 4, 6 and 8 sheep were placed within 491-m arenas located in natural pastures and were video recorded during 6 daily hours. The behaviour, orientation and location of each sheep(More)
Mouflons, according to their age and sex, show particular social tendencies during the annual cycle. During its life, each individual builds on its own "ontogenetic social trajectory" whose annual variations are representative of its social tendencies. Males and females present major differences from the beginning of their second year of life. As they grow(More)
Among the many fascinating examples of collective behavior exhibited by animal groups, some species are known to alternate slow group dispersion in space with rapid aggregation phenomena induced by a sudden behavioral shift at the individual level. We study this phenomenon quantitatively in large groups of grazing Merino sheep under controlled experimental(More)
We analyze a macroscopic model with a maximal density constraint which describes short range repulsion in biological systems. This system aims at modeling finite-size particles which cannot overlap and repel each other when they are too close. The parts of the fluid where the maximal density is reached behave like incompressible fluids while lower density(More)