Richard Bligny

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Phosphorus, one of the essential elements for plants, is often a limiting nutrient because of its low availability and mobility in soils. Significant changes in plant morphology and biochemical processes are associated with phosphate (Pi) deficiency. However, the molecular bases of these responses to Pi deficiency are not thoroughly elucidated. Therefore, a(More)
Flooding of soils results in acute oxygen deprivation (anoxia) of plant roots during winter in temperate latitudes, or after irrigation, and is a major problem for agriculture. One early response of plants to anoxia and other environmental stresses is downregulation of water uptake due to inhibition of the water permeability (hydraulic conductivity) of(More)
The regulation of the cytoplasmic and vacuolar pH values (pHc and pHv) in sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus L.) cells was analyzed using 31P and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Suspension-cultured cells were compressed in the NMR tube and perfused with the help of an original arrangement enabling a tight control of the pH (external pH, pHe) of the(More)
Autophagy triggered by carbohydrate starvation was characterized at both biochemical and structural levels, with the aim to identify reliable and easily detectable marker(s) and to investigate the factors controlling this process. Incubation of suspension cells in sucrose-free culture medium triggered a marked degradation of the membrane polar lipids,(More)
Despite recent progress in elucidating the regulation of methionine (Met) synthesis, little is known about the catabolism of this amino acid in plants. In this article, we present several lines of evidence indicating that the cleavage of Met catalyzed by Met gamma-lyase is the first step in this process. First, we cloned an Arabidopsis cDNA coding a(More)
We tested the contribution of nucleoside triphosphate (NTP) hydrolysis, ethanol, and organic acid syntheses, and H(+)-pump ATPases activity in the acidosis of anoxic sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus) plant cells. Culture cells were chosen to alter NTP pools and fermentation with specific nutrient media (phosphate [Pi]-deprived and adenine- or(More)
Day respiration of illuminated C(3) leaves is not well understood and particularly, the metabolic origin of the day respiratory CO(2) production is poorly known. This issue was addressed in leaves of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) using (12)C/(13)C stable isotope techniques on illuminated leaves fed with (13)C-enriched glucose or pyruvate. The (13)CO(2)(More)
The role of cyclic electron transport has been re-examined in leaves of C3 plants because the bioenergetics of chloroplasts (H+/e = 3 in the presence of a Q-cycle; H+/ATP = 4 of ATP synthesis) had suggested that cyclic electron flow has no function in C3 photosynthesis. After light activation of pea leaves, the dark reduction of P700 (the donor pigment of(More)
Using (13)C-NMR, we demonstrate that [(13)C]methanol readily entered sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus L.) cells to be slowly metabolized to [3-(13)C]serine, [(13)CH(3)]methionine, and [(13)CH(3)]phosphatidylcholine. We conclude that the assimilation of [(13)C]methanol occurs through the formation of (13)CH(3)H(4)Pte-glutamate (Glu)(n) and(More)
Day respiration is the process by which nonphotorespiratory CO2 is produced by illuminated leaves. The biological function of day respiratory metabolism is a major conundrum of plant photosynthesis research: because the rate of CO2 evolution is partly inhibited in the light, it is viewed as either detrimental to plant carbon balance or necessary for(More)