Richard B Sewell

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The longevity of recipients of liver transplant may be compromised by spinal osteoporosis and vertebral fractures. However, femoral neck fractures are associated with a higher morbidity and mortality than spine fractures. As there is little information on bone loss at this clinically important site of fracture, the aim of this study was to determine whether(More)
OBJECTIVE Critically ill patients often develop large gastric residual volumes during nasogastric feeding as a result of poor gastroduodenal motility. Nasojejunal feeding may decrease the severity of this complication. The aim of this study was to determine whether nasojejunal feeding improved tolerance of enteral nutrition by reducing gastric residual(More)
A prevalence study of primary biliary cirrhosis was carried out in the state of Victoria, Australia, by means of a mail survey of specialist physicians and a review of hospital records. Eighty four cases were identified, giving a prevalence of 19.1 per million population (950/o confidence limits (CI) 15.3, 23.7), which is among the lowest in published(More)
The active sodium transport of white cells and red cells obtained from patients with essential hypertension was impaired. Incubating white cells from normotensive subjects in serum obtained from patients with essential hypertension caused an impairment in sodium transport in the white cells of normotensive subjects similar to that found in the white cells(More)
1. The hepatic reticulo-endothelial cell population is generally assumed to increase in size, along with the liver, during ageing in rats. However, this has not been rigorously established. 2. Using electron microscopy and stereological techniques, the present study has shown that the volume densities of hepatocytes and Kupffer cells (and probably also of(More)
BACKGROUND Chemoembolization is often used in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma; however, there are limited data on its efficacy in an Australian setting. AIMS To review retrospectively the experience of 21 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who collectively had 36 chemoembolizations performed between October 1995 and February 1999 in a(More)
We tested the hypothesis that apolipoproteins, the protein constituents of plasma lipoproteins, are secreted into bile. We examined human gallbladder bile obtained at surgery (N = 54) from subjects with (N = 44) and without (N = 10) gallstones and hepatic bile collected by T-tube drainage (N = 9) after cholecystectomy. Using specific radioimmunoassays for(More)
The effects of ethanol on hepatic lysosomes are poorly documented. This study examined the biliary release of lysosomal enzymes, a marker of the hepatocyte-to-bile excretory pathway, after ethanol administration in the isolated perfused rat liver model. At concentrations similar to those reached in human plasma during social drinking, ethanol markedly(More)
BACKGROUND In the erythrocytic phase of malaria, Kupffer cells show marked hypertrophy and hyperplasia and are filled with malarial pigment. However, phagocytic function in this state has not been well characterized. The aim of the present study was to use mouse Plasmodium berghei to infect rats with malaria and study the phagocytic function and morphology(More)
In these experiments, we tested the hypothesis that chloroquine, a lysosomotropic agent which modifies protein and lipid metabolism by hepatocyte lysosomes, would alter the biliary excretion of lipids and lysosomal enzymes. We treated male rats for 5 days with intraperitoneal chloroquine (50 mg/kg body wt, n = 9) or saline (n = 8) and collected bile for 6 h(More)