Richard B. Schuessler

Learn More
Between January 1, 1986, and December 31, 1991, 4,507 adult patients underwent cardiac surgical procedures requiring cardiopulmonary bypass. Of these patients, 3,983 patients who did not undergo operation for supraventricular tachycardia and who were in normal sinus rhythm preoperatively form the study group for the present study. Postoperatively, all(More)
Electrical uncoupling at gap junctions during acute myocardial ischemia contributes to conduction abnormalities and reentrant arrhythmias. Increased levels of intracellular Ca(2+) and H(+) and accumulation of amphipathic lipid metabolites during ischemia promote uncoupling, but other mechanisms may play a role. We tested the hypothesis that uncoupling(More)
A novel in vivo experimental strategy, involving cell type-specific expression of a dominant-negative K+ channel pore-forming alpha subunit, was developed and exploited to probe the molecular identity of the cardiac transient outward K+ current (I(to)). A point mutation (W to F) was introduced at position 362 in the pore region of Kv4.2 to produce a(More)
RATIONALE Transmural dispersion of repolarization has been shown to play a role in the genesis of ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation in different animal models of heart failure (HF). Heterogeneous changes of repolarization within the midmyocardial population of ventricular cells have been considered an important contributor to the HF phenotype.(More)
On the basis of the known electrophysiologic mechanisms of atrial fibrillation, multiple surgical procedures were designed and tested in dogs to determine the feasibility of developing a surgical cure for human atrial fibrillation. These experimental studies culminated in a surgical approach that effectively creates an electrical maze in the atrium. The(More)
Electrical uncoupling of cardiac myocytes during ischemia is delayed by ischemic preconditioning. This presumably adaptive response may limit development of arrhythmia substrates. To elucidate responsible mechanisms, we studied isolated, perfused rat hearts subjected to a standard preconditioning protocol of 3 cycles of 3 minutes of global no-flow ischemia(More)
Between September 25, 1987, and December 31, 1992, 75 patients (53 men, 22 women; average age, 52 years) underwent the maze procedure for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. Six patients had undergone a previous cardiac operation and 28% underwent concomitant cardiac procedures in addition to the maze procedure. One patient (1.3%) died 10 days after(More)
The original maze procedure that was described for the treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation was followed by an unacceptable incidence of two problems: (1) the frequent inability to generate an appropriate sinus tachycardia in response to maximal exercise and (2) occasional left atrial dysfunction. In an effort to overcome these problems, we(More)
Atrial depolarization was analyzed in 14 patients with the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome undergoing surgery to ablate accessory atrioventricular pathways associated with tachyarrhythmias. Bipolar potentials were recorded simultaneously from 156 atrial epicardial electrodes arranged in three templates to fit the anterior and posterior aspects of both atria.(More)
BACKGROUND For the last decade, the Cox maze III procedure has been available for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. It is unknown whether the operation has similar efficacy in patients with lone atrial fibrillation compared with that in patients with atrial fibrillation associated with coronary, valve, or congenital heart disease. This study examined(More)