Richard B. Robinson

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Hyperpolarization-activated cation currents, termed If, Ih, or Iq, were initially discovered in heart and nerve cells over 20 years ago. These currents contribute to a wide range of physiological functions, including cardiac and neuronal pacemaker activity, the setting of resting potentials, input conductance and length constants, and dendritic integration.(More)
HCN cation channel mRNA expression was determined in the rabbit heart and neonatal and adult rat ventricle using RNase protection assays. In the rabbit SA node, the dominant HCN transcript is HCN4, representing >81% of the total HCN message. HCN1 is also expressed, representing >18% of the total HCN mRNA. Rabbit Purkinje fibers contained almost equal(More)
Recent results indicate that phosphoinositides, including phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2), directly enhance the opening of hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-regulated (HCN) channels by shifting their activation gating to more positive voltages. This contrasts with the action of phosphoinositides to inhibit the opening of the(More)
The voltage dependence of activation of the HCN hyperpolarization-activated cation channels is shifted in inside-out patches by -40 to -60 mV relative to activation in intact cells, a phenomenon referred to as rundown. Less than 20 mV of this hyperpolarizing shift can be due to the influence of the canonical modulator of HCN channels, cAMP. Here we study(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether oligonucleotides the size of siRNA are permeable to gap junctions and whether a specific siRNA for DNA polymerase beta (pol beta) can move from one cell to another via gap junctions, thus allowing one cell to inhibit gene expression in another cell directly. To test this hypothesis, fluorescently labelled(More)
The HCN family of ion channel subunits underlies the currents I(f) in heart and I(h) and I(q) in the nervous system. In the present study, we demonstrate that minK-related peptide 1 (MiRP1) is a beta subunit for the HCN family. As such, it enhances protein and current expression as well as accelerating the kinetics of activation. Because MiRP1 also(More)
Ventricular pacemaker current (I(f)) shows distinct voltage dependence as a function of age, activating outside the physiological range in normal adult ventricle, but less negatively in neonatal ventricle. However, heterologously expressed HCN2 and HCN4, the putative molecular correlates of ventricular I(f), exhibit only a modest difference in activation(More)
1. Single cells were isolated from the sinus node region of rabbits (2 days old to adult) to study the age-dependent contribution of the sodium current (iNa) to pacemaker activity. 2. Experiments were conducted in 50 mM Na(+)-Ca(2+)-free solution. All newborn cells (2-19 days) exhibited a TTX-sensitive, Mn(2+)-insensitive fast inward Na+ current (peak(More)
MinK-related protein (MiRP1 or KCNE2) interacts with the hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) family of pacemaker channels to alter channel gating in heterologous expression systems. Given the high expression levels of MiRP1 and HCN subunits in the cardiac sinoatrial node and the contribution of pacemaker channel function to impulse(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are a multipotent cell population with the potential to be a cellular repair or delivery system provided that they communicate with target cells such as cardiac myocytes via gap junctions. Immunostaining revealed typical punctate staining for Cx43 and Cx40 along regions of intimate cell-to-cell contact between hMSCs. The(More)