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Temporary nerve blocks using local anesthetic are employed extensively in the evaluation of pain problems, particularly lumbosacral spine disease. Their specificity and sensitivity in localizing anatomic sources of pain have never been studied formally, however, and so their diagnostic and prognostic value is questionable. There have been anecdotal reports(More)
Electrical stimulation of the spinal cord for the relief of pain was first reported in 1967. Since that time, there have been marked improvements in patient selection criteria, hardware, technology, and methods for implantation, which have resulted in substantial improvement in the overall results achieved with spinal cord stimulation.
Patients with neuropathic pain secondary to failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) typically experience persistent pain, disability, and reduced quality of life. We hypothesised that spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an effective therapy in addition to conventional medical management (CMM) in this patient population. We randomised 100 FBSS patients with(More)
Over the past two decades, spinal cord stimulation devices and techniques have evolved from single-channel systems, with electrodes requiring laminectomy, into programmable "multichannel" systems with electrodes that may be placed percutaneously. We have reviewed our experience in 320 consecutive patients treated with these devices at our institution(More)
OBJECTIVE After randomizing 100 failed back surgery syndrome patients to receive spinal cord stimulation (SCS) plus conventional medical management (CMM) or CMM alone, the results of the 6-month Prospective Randomized Controlled Multicenter Trial of the Effectiveness of Spinal Cord Stimulation (i.e., PROCESS) showed that SCS offered superior pain relief,(More)
Eighty-five medically intractable trigeminal neuralgia patients treated by percutaneous retrogasserian glycerol rhizotomy (PRGR) were followed for 6 to 54 months. The median time to recurrence of symptoms refractory to medical therapy and requiring further intervention was 3 years (by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis). The median time to recurrence of(More)
OBJECTIVE Persistent or recurrent radicular pain after lumbosacral spine surgery is often associated with nerve root compression and is treated by repeated operation or, as a last resort, by spinal cord stimulation (SCS). We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial to test our hypothesis that SCS is more likely than reoperation to result in a(More)
Spinal cord stimulation, in use for more than 20 years, has evolved into an easily implemented technique, with percutaneous methods for electrode placement. We have reviewed our experience with this technique in treating "failed back surgery syndrome," and have assessed patient and treatment characteristics as predictors of long-term outcome. A series of 50(More)
Retrospectively reported results of spinal cord stimulation compare favorably with those of neurosurgical treatment alternatives for the treatment of failed back surgery syndrome, including reoperation and ablative procedures. There has been no direct prospective comparison, however, between SCS and other techniques for pain management. Therefore, we have(More)
Dorsal root ganglionectomy has been suggested as a method for the treatment of chronic intractable radicular pain, with theoretical advantages over dorsal rhizotomy, which does not interrupt ventral root afferents. The indications for these procedures in patients with persistent pain following lumbosacral spine surgery are not well established. Long-term(More)