Richard B. Lynn

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Pseudorabies virus (PRV) has been used extensively to map synaptic circuits in the CNS and PNS. A fundamental assumption of these studies is that the virus replicates within synaptically linked populations of neurons and does not spread through the extracellular space or by cell-to-cell fusion. In the present analysis we have used electron microscopy to(More)
BACKGROUND The extent to which the vagus nerve innervates the colon remains controversial. METHODS In 29 rats the tracer cholera toxin-horseradish peroxidase was injected into the cecum, the ascending, transverse, or descending colon or the rectum. For comparison, control injections were made into the stomach. RESULTS For all areas of colon except the(More)
Bombesin (gastrin-releasing peptide 14-27) inhibits gastric function and feeding when microinjected into the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS)/dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) complex. We performed a preembedding immunoelectron microscopic study in rats to describe the bombesin containing nerve terminals and to characterize their postsynaptic(More)
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone-immunoreactive nerve terminals heavily innervate the dorsal motor nucleus and nucleus of the solitary tract, whereas cell bodies containing thyrotropin-releasing hormone residue most densely in the hypothalamus and raphe nuclei. By using double-labeling techniques accomplished by retrograde transport of Fluoro-Gold following(More)
Motor fibers of the accessory celiac and celiac vagal branches are derived from the lateral columns of the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve. These branches also contain sensory fibers that terminate within the nucleus of the tractus solitarii. This study traces the innervation of the intestines by using the tracer cholera toxin-horseradish(More)
  • R B Lynn
  • 1992
Esophageal pain is transmitted via the sympathetic nervous system to the spinal cord, in which pain from visceral and somatic sources ascends to higher centers in the brain. Primary afferent neurons are bipolar, with the peripheral end specialized to be a sensory receptor. Nociceptors of somatosensory afferents are free nerve endings that can be activated(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide has been reported in the rat nucleus ambiguus. This nucleus comprises a dorsal division that is the source of special visceral efferents innervating the striated muscle of the upper alimentary tract and a ventral division supplying general visceral efferents primarily to the heart. The distribution of calcitonin gene-related(More)
Bombesin is a peptide neurotransmitter/neuromodulator with important autonomic and behavioral effects that are mediated, at least in part, by bombesin-containing neurons and nerve terminals in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) and the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV). The distribution of bombesin-like immunoreactive nerve terminals/fibers and(More)
Recent investigations have suggested carbon monoxide (CO) as a putative messenger molecule. Although several studies have implicated the heme oxygenase (HO) pathway, responsible for the endogenous production of CO, in the neuromodulatory control of the internal anal sphincter (IAS), its exact role is not known. Nitric oxide, produced by neuronal nitric(More)
Nitric oxide and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) are important inhibitory neurotransmitters mediating relaxation of the internal anal sphincter. The location and coexistence of these two neurotransmitters in the internal anal sphincter has not been examined. We performed a double-labeling study to examine the coexistence of nitric oxide synthase and(More)