Richard B. Friedman

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We evaluated the efficacy and cost savings of the pneumococcal pneumonia vaccine in a retrospective cohort study of 762 vaccinated and 1161 randomly selected unvaccinated age-sex matched persons in Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Minnesota using medical and pharmaceutical claims. The pneumonia incidence and the ratio of incidence in the postvaccination to(More)
Computer-based automated medical history acquisition systems have not been as widely utilized as originally anticipated. The high cost, limited accessibility and alien nature of the computer terminal equipment have all been cited as important factors in the limited acceptance. A system has been developed that makes it possible to use a standard household(More)
The Internet's World Wide Web (WWW) offers educators a unique opportunity to introduce computer-assisted instructional (CAI) programs into the medical school curriculum. With the WWW, CAI programs developed at one medical school could be successfully used at other institutions without concern about hardware or software compatibility; further, programs could(More)
This paper describes a data-base system for the maintenance of cumulative clinical data. A unique aspect of this data base is its ability dynamically to alter its two-level format to create an alternative three-level hierarchical structure in order to optimize retrieval efficiency. The relative advantages of these two types of data-base structures are(More)
The medical records of 52 patients from the University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics with carcinoma of the gallbladder were examined retrospectively. The cases were reviewed for factors in their medical history, presenting physical examination, laboratory data, therapy, pathological grade, and histology that might effect median survival. Only a prior(More)
A computer-based file of the effects of drugs on clinical laboratory tests was used in a university hospital to generate reports of all potential interactions between the drugs administered to a patient and the laboratory tests ordered on his body fluids. More than 13,000 patient days were monitored in four different nursing units. The physician users of(More)