Richard B. Berlin

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—In cyber-physical-human medical environments, coordinating supervisory medical systems and medical staff to perform treatments in in accordance with best practice is essential for patient safety. However, the dynamics of patient conditions and the non-deterministic nature of potential side effects of treatments pose significant challenges. In this paper,(More)
Software is everywhere. The increasing requirement of supporting a wide variety of domains has rapidly increased the complexity of software systems, making them hard to maintain and the training process harder for end-users, which in turn ultimately demanded the development of user-friendly application software with simple interfaces that makes them easy,(More)
Cooperating medical devices, envisioned by Integrated Clinical Environment (ICE) of Medical Device Plug-and-Play (MDPnP), is expected to improve the safety and the quality of patient care. To ensure safety, the cooperating medical devices must be thoroughly verified and tested. However, concurrent control of devices without proper coordination poses a(More)
—Improving effectiveness and safety of patient care is an ultimate objective for medical cyber-physical systems. However, the existing medical best practice guidelines in hospital handbooks are often lengthy and difficult for medical staff to remember and apply clinically. Statechart is a widely used model in designing complex systems and enables rapid(More)
Sepsis is a life-threatening condition caused by an inappropriate immune response to infection, and is a leading cause of elderly death globally. Early recognition of patients and timely antibiotic therapy based on guidelines improve survival rate. Unfortunately, for those patients, it is often detected late because it is too expensive and impractical to(More)
There is a great divide between rural and urban areas, particularly in medical emergency care. Although medical best practice guidelines exist and are in hospital handbooks, they are often lengthy and difficult to apply clinically. The challenges are exaggerated for doctors in rural areas and emergency medical technicians (EMT) during patient transport. In(More)
There are growing demands to leverage network connectivity and interoperability of medical devices in order to improve patient safety and the effectiveness of medical services. However, if not properly designed, the integration of medical devices through networking could significantly increase the complexity of the system and make the system more vulnerable(More)
Improving effectiveness and safety of healthcare infrastructure is an important issue for cyber-physical-human medical systems. However, statistics indicates that preventable medical error rate is highest in ICU as compared to other hospital units. Many preventable medical errors are result from unintended deviation from the best practice guidelines,(More)