Richard Albert

J D6
Rosalind Dixon4
Carlos Bernal-Pulido4
6J D
4Rosalind Dixon
4Carlos Bernal-Pulido
4Ran Hirschl
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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. The Global Burden of Disease study has concluded that COPD will become the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2020, and will increase its ranking of disability-adjusted life years lost from 12th to 5th. Acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) are(More)
  • Dan Markel, Ethan J Leib, Jennifer M Collins, A B, Harvard, M Phil +40 others
  • 2014
A BS T R A C T. In our recent book, Privilege or Punish: Criminal Justice and the Challenge of Family Ties, we examined and critiqued a number of ways in which the criminal justice system uses family status to distribute benefits or burdens to defendants. In their essays, Professors Alafair Burke, Alice Ristroph, and Melissa Murray identify a series of(More)
for the opportunity to present this Article at a symposium titled " America's Political Dysfunction: Constitutional Connections, Causes, and Cures, " where I received helpful comments from participants and attendees on an earlier version of this Article and a related article on the theory of constitutional desuetude. I thank the editors of the Boston(More)
Scholars have shown that written constitutions may be informally amended in various ways, for instance by judicial interpretation, statute, or executive action. But scholars have yet to fully appreciate that written constitutions may also be informally amended by desuetude. Informal amendment by constitutional desue-tude occurs when a constitutional(More)
Vile. I am grateful for the useful suggestions and criticisms I received from the three anonymous external reviewers who recommended this submission for publication. I have also benefitted from presenting earlier versions of The current scholarly focus on informal constitutional amendment has obscured the continuing relevance of formal amendment rules. In(More)
It has become increasingly common for courts in constitutional democracies to invalidate constitutional amendments. Courts have enforced both written and unwritten limits on how political actors may exercise the formal amendment power. They have relied either on constitutional texts that expressly entrench provisions against formal amendment or on their own(More)