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OBJECTIVE To determine the validity and reliability of the Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) neuropathy score (CMTNS) in patients with inherited neuropathy. BACKGROUND Natural history studies and potential treatment trials for patients with various forms of CMT are limited by the lack of quantitative methodologies to monitor disease progression. Most(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of severe central visual impairment among the elderly and is associated both with environmental factors such as smoking and with genetic factors. Here, 167 unrelated AMD patients were screened for alterations in ABCR, a gene that encodes a retinal rod photoreceptor protein and is defective in(More)
Stargardt disease (STGD, also known as fundus flavimaculatus; FFM) is an autosomal recessive retinal disorder characterized by a juvenile-onset macular dystrophy, alterations of the peripheral retina, and subretinal deposition of lipofuscin-like material. A gene encoding an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter was mapped to the 2-cM (centiMorgan) interval(More)
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized primarily by retinal dystrophy, obesity, polydactyly, renal malformations and learning disabilities. Although five BBS genes have been cloned, the molecular basis of this syndrome remains elusive. Here we show that BBS is probably caused by a defect at the basal body of(More)
Mutation scanning and direct DNA sequencing of all 50 exons of ABCR were completed for 150 families segregating recessive Stargardt disease (STGD1). ABCR variations were identified in 173 (57%) disease chromosomes, the majority of which represent missense amino acid substitutions. These ABCR variants were not found in 220 unaffected control individuals (440(More)
Lowe's oculocerebrorenal syndrome (OCRL) is a human X-linked developmental disorder of unknown pathogenesis and has a pleiotropic phenotype affecting the lens, brain and kidneys. The OCRL locus has been mapped to Xq25-q26 by linkage and by finding de novo X; autosome translocations at Xq25-q26 in two unrelated females with OCRL. Here we use yeast artificial(More)
Meckel-Gruber syndrome (MKS) is a genetically heterogeneous, neonatally lethal malformation and the most common form of syndromic neural tube defect (NTD). To date, several MKS-associated genes have been identified whose protein products affect ciliary function. Here we show that mutations in MKS1, MKS3 and CEP290 (also known as NPHP6) either can cause(More)
The planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling pathway governs collective cell movements during vertebrate embryogenesis, and certain PCP proteins are also implicated in the assembly of cilia. The septins are cytoskeletal proteins controlling behaviors such as cell division and migration. Here, we identified control of septin localization by the PCP protein Fritz(More)
The alpha3 subunit of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor is widely expressed in autonomic ganglia and in some parts of the brain. The alpha3 subunit can form heteromultimeric ion channels with other alpha subunits and with beta2 and beta4 subunits, but its function in vivo is poorly understood. We prepared a null mutation for the alpha3 gene by(More)
BACKGROUND Marijuana use in the age group prone to coronary artery disease is higher than it was in the past. Smoking marijuana is known to have hemodynamic consequences, including a dose-dependent increase in heart rate, supine hypertension, and postural hypotension; however, whether it can trigger the onset of myocardial infarction is unknown. METHODS(More)