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Studies assessing mechanisms of proximal tubular cell (PTC) physiology and pathophysiology increasingly utilize cell culture systems to avoid the complexity of whole organ/whole animal experiments. However, no well-differentiated PTC line derived from adult human kidney currently exists. Therefore, the goal of this research was to establish such a line by(More)
BACKGROUND Carbon dioxide absorbents degrade sevoflurane, particularly at low gas flow rates, to fluoromethyl-2,2-difluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)vinyl ether (compound A). Compound A causes renal proximal tubular injury in rats but has had no effect on blood urea nitrogen (BUN) or creatinine concentrations in patients. This investigation compared the effects of(More)
  • R A Zager
  • 1989
To explore why urine pH affects myoglobin (M)-induced renal injury, rats were infused with M under aciduric (NH4Cl) or alkalinuric (KHCO3) conditions with or without additional solute loading. Acute renal M retention (R) was highly pH dependent (pH 5.77, 68% R; pH 6.45, 49% R; pH 8.0, 28% R), the % R positively affecting the severity of renal injury(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple parenteral iron (Fe) formulations exist for administration to patients with end-stage renal disease. Although there are concerns regarding their potential toxicities, no direct in vitro comparisons of these agents exist. Thus, the present study contrasted pro-oxidant and cytotoxic potentials of four available Fe preparations: Fe dextran(More)
To assess the incidence, risk factors, and course of acute renal failure (ARF) following bone marrow transplantation (BMT), a retrospective analysis of 272 patients receiving transplants at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center during 1986 was undertaken. The patients were divided into three groups: group 1, hemodialysis requiring ARF; group 2, mild(More)
The mevalonate pathway produces many critical substances in cells, including sterols essential for membrane structure and isoprenoids vital to the function of many membrane proteins. 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase is a rate-limiting enzyme in the mevalonate pathway. Because cholesterol is a product of this pathway, HMG-CoA(More)
Extensive DNA fragmentation, a marker for programmed cell death, was selectively and rapidly induced by hypoxia in the thick ascending limbs of rat kidneys. In isolated perfused kidneys, DNA breaks were present in medullary tubules as early as after 10 minutes of local hypoxia and were prevented by reduction of metabolic work. In a model of(More)
The purpose of this study is to confirm previous evidence for reactive oxygen species (ROS) as critical mediators of postischemic renal injury by documenting lipid peroxidation after ischemic-hypoxic insults and by demonstrating that antioxidants confer protection. Renal malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations, an index of lipid peroxidation, were measured(More)