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Although geneticists and archaeologists continue to make progress world-wide in documenting the time and place of the initial domestication of a growing number of plants and animals, far less is known regarding the critically important context of coalescence of various species into distinctive sets or complexes of domesticates in each of the world's 10 or(More)
Although laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the surgical procedure of choice for most patients with cholecystitis, the safety of carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum during pregnancy has not been fully elucidated. Pregnancy causes many physiologic changes, resulting in compromised cardiac, pulmonary, and metabolic reserves. The use of CO2(More)
Because isoflurane has recently been approved for clinical use in anaesthesia, we have studied the effect of this agent in the foetus using the pregnant ewe as an animal model. Eight pregnant ewes of 120-125 days gestation were surgically prepared with indwelling catheters and tracheostomy. Prior to anaesthesia, labelled microspheres were injected into the(More)
In a previous study, we examined the effects of halothane on the normal foetal lamb in utero. The most significant finding was a 33 per cent fall in foetal mean arterial blood pressure (MABP). Cardiac output and placental blood flow were not affected. To determine if the asphyxiated foetus would respond similarly, the following study was performed. Seven(More)
Lidocaine has been used in obstetrical anaesthesia for many years but there are still concerns about possible adverse affects of this drug on the foetus in utero. To examine in greater detail the effects of lidocaine in the foetus, the following two-part study was done. In Part A, seven pregnant ewes were surgically prepared with maternal and foetal(More)