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DNA polymerases can only synthesize nascent DNA from single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) templates. In bacteria, the unwinding of parental duplex DNA is carried out by the replicative DNA helicase (DnaB) that couples NTP hydrolysis to 5' to 3' translocation. The crystal structure of the DnaB hexamer in complex with GDP-AlF(4) and ssDNA reported here reveals that(More)
We have isolated and sequenced an anther-specific cDNA clone and a corresponding genomic clone from tomato. The gene (LAT52) encodes an 800-nucleotide-long transcript that is detectable in pollen, anthers and at 20- to 50-fold lower levels in petals. LAT52 mRNA is not detectable in pistils, sepals or non-reproductive tissues. Steady-state levels of LAT52(More)
The crystal structure of Thermus aquaticus DNA polymerase III alpha subunit reveals that the structure of the catalytic domain of the eubacterial replicative polymerase is unrelated to that of the eukaryotic replicative polymerase but rather belongs to the Polbeta-like nucleotidyltransferase superfamily. A model of the polymerase complexed with both DNA and(More)
MAP2 (microtubule-associated protein 2) is a cytoskeletal phosphoprotein that regulates the dynamic assembly characteristics of microtubules and appears to provide scaffolding for organelle distribution into the dendrites and for the localization of signal transduction apparatus in dendrites, particularly near spines. MAP2 is degraded after ischemia and(More)
Chloroplast DNA conformation was analyzed by pulse-field gel electrophoresis. We found that spinach leaf chloroplast DNA molecules exist in at least four distinct forms with the apparent molecular weights of monomer, dimer, trimer, and tetramer. Two-dimensional gel analysis of DNA after UV nicking and in the presence of ethidium bromide indicates that they(More)
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