Richard A. Wing

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We have investigated the functional organization and properties of cis regulatory elements in the promoter regions of two genes from tomato (LAT52 and LAT59) that are preferentially and coordinately expressed during pollen maturation. Promoter deletion analysis in transgenic plants demonstrated that only minimal (less than 200 bp) promoter proximal regions(More)
DNA polymerases can only synthesize nascent DNA from single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) templates. In bacteria, the unwinding of parental duplex DNA is carried out by the replicative DNA helicase (DnaB) that couples NTP hydrolysis to 5' to 3' translocation. The crystal structure of the DnaB hexamer in complex with GDP-AlF(4) and ssDNA reported here reveals that(More)
The crystal structure of the catalytic alpha-subunit of the DNA polymerase III (Pol IIIalpha) holoenzyme bound to primer-template DNA and an incoming deoxy-nucleoside 5'-triphosphate has been determined at 4.6-A resolution. The polymerase interacts with the sugar-phosphate backbone of the DNA across its minor groove, which is made possible by significant(More)
The crystal structure of Thermus aquaticus DNA polymerase III alpha subunit reveals that the structure of the catalytic domain of the eubacterial replicative polymerase is unrelated to that of the eukaryotic replicative polymerase but rather belongs to the Polbeta-like nucleotidyltransferase superfamily. A model of the polymerase complexed with both DNA and(More)
Processing and secretion of the alkaline extracellular protease (AEP) from the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica was studied by pulse-chase and immunoprecipitation experiments. Over half of newly synthesized AEP was secreted by 6 min. Over 99% of AEP activity which was external to the cytoplasmic membrane was located in the supernatant medium. Polypeptides of 55,(More)
Overwhelming evidence exists to show that the inclusion of weak-intensity, high-resolution X-ray diffraction data helps improve the refinement of atomic models by imposing strong constraints on individual and overall temperature B factors and thus the quality of crystal structures. Some researchers consider these data to be of little value and opt to(More)
Science 234, 464 (1986); K. A. Feldmann and M. D. Marks, Mol. Gen. Genet. 208, 1 (1987). 6. E. M. Meyerowitz and R. E. Pruitt, Science 229, 1214 (1985). 7. G. R. Fink, Genetics 149, 473 (1998). 8. C. Koncz, N.-H. Chua, J. Schell, Eds., Methods in Arabidopsis Research (World Scientific, River Edge, NJ, 1992); J. M. Martinez-Zapater and J. Salinas, Eds.,(More)
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