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The congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are characterized by defects in N-linked glycan biosynthesis that result from mutations in genes encoding proteins directly involved in the glycosylation pathway. Here we describe two siblings with a fatal form of CDG caused by a mutation in the gene encoding COG-7, a subunit of the conserved oligomeric Golgi(More)
Recently, we reported that two siblings presenting with the clinical syndrome congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) have mutations in the gene encoding Cog7p, a member of the conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex. In this study, we analyzed the localization and trafficking of multiple Golgi proteins in patient fibroblasts under a variety of(More)
We have shown that 4-dibenzocyclooctynol (DIBO), which can easily be obtained by a streamlined synthesis approach, reacts exceptionally fast in the absence of a Cu(I) catalyst with azido-containing compounds to give stable triazoles. Chemical modifications of DIBO, such as oxidation of the alcohol to a ketone, increased the rate of strain promoted(More)
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) represent a group of inherited multiorgan diseases caused by defects in the biosynthesis of glycoproteins. We report on two dysmorphic siblings with severe liver disease who died at the age of a few weeks. Increased activities of lysosomal enzymes in plasma were found, though total sialic acid in plasma was(More)
Mucolipidosis (ML) II and ML IIIα/β are allelic autosomal recessive metabolic disorders due to mutations in GNPTAB. The gene encodes the enzyme UDP-GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase (GNPT), which is critical to proper trafficking of lysosomal acid hydrolases. The ML phenotypic spectrum is dichotomous. Criteria set for defining ML II and ML IIIα/β are inclusive(More)
Gaucher disease is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency in lysosomal acid beta-glucosidase (GlcCerase), the enzyme responsible for the catabolism of glucosylceramide. One of the most prevalent disease-causing mutations, N370S, results in an enzyme with lower catalytic activity and impaired exit from the endoplasmic reticulum. Here, we report(More)
The severe pediatric disorder mucolipidosis II (ML-II; also known as I-cell disease) is caused by defects in mannose 6-phosphate (Man-6-P) biosynthesis. Patients with ML-II exhibit multiple developmental defects, including skeletal, craniofacial and joint abnormalities. To date, the molecular mechanisms that underlie these clinical manifestations are poorly(More)
The regulation and function of lysosomal hydrolases during yolk consumption and embryogenesis in zebrafish are poorly understood. In an effort to better define the lysosomal biochemistry of this organism, we analyzed the developmental expression, biochemical properties, and function of several glycosidases in zebrafish eggs, embryos, and adult tissues. Our(More)
Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is characterized by impaired cholesterol efflux from late endosomes and lysosomes and secondary accumulation of lipids. Although impaired trafficking of individual glycoproteins and glycolipids has been noted in NPC cells and other storage disorders, there is currently no effective way to monitor their localization and(More)
A game of tag: N-Glycans on the surface of living cells were selectively tagged by exogenously administering recombinant ST6Gal I sialyltransferase and azide-modified CMP-Neu5Ac. This modification was followed by a strain-promoted cycloaddition using a biotin-modified dibenzylcyclooctynol (red star=biotin). The methodology will make it possible to dissect(More)