Richard A Skolnik

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The practice of safe sex by commercial sex workers is considered to be central in preventing the transmission of AIDS in developing countries. However, anecdotal evidence suggests that sex workers may face large losses in income from using condoms because of a strong preference for condom-free sex among clients. This paper attempts to estimate the(More)
1 School of Public Health and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C., United States of America, 2 Department of Global Health, School of Public Health and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C., United States of America, 3 Sabin Vaccine Institute – Texas Children’s Hospital – Baylor College of(More)
NTDs have a terrible impact on health, impede child growth and development, harm pregnant women, and often cause long-term debilitating illnesses. They cause an extraordinary amount of ill health, disability and disfigurement, and are often deadly. As a result, those who suffer from NTDs are frequently shunned by their families and their communities. In(More)
Proper injection of poly-l-lactic acid has a role in avoiding development of subcutaneous papules. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of our injection technique ("cross-fanning") and compared it to 4 previous studies. Forty patients were evaluated for adverse events (bruising, edema, erythema, subcutaneous papules) and satisfaction. Papule incidence was(More)
The World Bank is publishing nine volumes of Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition (DCP3) between 2015 and 2018. Volume 9, Improving Health and Reducing Poverty, summarises the main messages from all the volumes and contains cross-cutting analyses. This Review draws on all nine volumes to convey conclusions. The analysis in DCP3 is built around 21(More)
Because methylphenidate (MPH) is currently the most widely prescribed medication for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), several studies have used this as the touch-stone for evaluating the efficacy of a newer stimulant, Adderall. In a parallel-groups study of MPH (n = 20), Adderall (n = 20), and placebo (n = 18), Pliszka et al. (2000) reported(More)
Tremendous energy and resources have been committed in the last 5 years to expanding care and treatment for HIVinfected individuals in resource-limited settings. The number of people receiving treatment in low and middle-income countries grew from 240,000 in 2001 to 1.3 million in 2005 [1]. Although this represented a significant increase, it still fell(More)
Implant-based breast reconstruction after mastectomy offers excellent cosmetic results in select individuals. However, this technique may result in a step-off between the implant and the soft tissue of the chest wall, which can be problematic in the extremely thin patient. Also, the removal of soft tissue can result in prominent ribs and visible intercostal(More)
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