Richard A S Mitchell

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The splanchnic and total body oxygen exchange and flow dynamics for injured patients (n = 7) and patients with sepsis and stable vital signs (n = 12) were studied. All patients were judged to be in the hyperdynamic phase of the stress response. In both patient groups 27% to 28% of the cardiac index was directed to the splanchnic circulation. However, in(More)
In this prospective, nonrandomized study, we compared outcome with percutaneous femoral artery closure to that with open femoral arteriotomy in 95 patients who underwent endovascular AAA repair. Devices were introduced using 22 Fr and/or 16 Fr sheaths. The 8 Fr/10 Fr Perclose devices (Perclose Inc., Redwood City, CA) were used in an off-label "preclose(More)
PURPOSE To describe four patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm and bilateral common iliac artery aneurysms repaired by coil embolization of the ipsilateral internal iliac artery, aortouniiliac endograft extended to the ipsilateral external iliac artery, femorofemoral bypass grafting, and a contralateral external iliac to internal iliac stent graft to(More)
In an effort to characterize the hemodynamic response of the liver to sepsis, hepatic blood flow (HBF) was measured in 10 normal volunteers and compared with that of 9 patients with sepsis. Flow was determined according to two different indicators and three methods of analysis including indocyanine green dye clearance (HBFICG), galactose clearance (GC), and(More)
This prospective study was designed to determine the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) instituted early in the course of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Seventy-nine (7%) of 1,200 patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unit were selected because of a high probability that ARDS would develop, and were randomized into two(More)
PURPOSE To report the successful endovascular repair of a mycotic paravisceral aneurysm using a fenestrated stent-graft. METHODS AND RESULTS A 55-year-old white female with a history of rheumatoid arthritis presented with an 8-cm paravisceral aneurysm secondary to pneumonia complicated by empyema. Intravascular ultrasound identified a defect in the aortic(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental reports have indicated that hepatic oxidative and synthetic metabolism may become depressed in sepsis. Because the mechanism of infection-related liver dysfunction has not been established, further study of these functional alterations could contribute to the therapeutic management of septic organ failure syndromes. However, recently(More)
The specific role of endogenous growth hormone in regulating nitrogen metabolism during surgical stress and infection remains unclear. We have studied splanchnic amino acid uptake and plasma concentrations in patient groups exhibiting growth hormone hypersecretion or relative growth hormone depression in response to stress. Splanchnic amino acid uptake was(More)
A 59-year-old man who underwent successful aortofemoral bypass had acute appendicitis at an indeterminate time in the postoperative period. Thirteen months later, a pulsatile groin mass developed. After a complicated course, it was found that infection from appendicitis had extended to the body of the graft. This unusual cause of graft infection reaffirms(More)
It is known that alterations in insulin metabolism following injury and infection result in depression of insulin levels and the development of insulin resistance. In order to further study insulin during septic and traumatic stress, we estimated insulin production in control (Group 1, n = 6), postoperative (Group 2, n = 5), and postoperative-septic (Group(More)