Richard A. Rothery

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The facultative anaerobe Escherichia coli is able to assemble specific respiratory chains by synthesis of appropriate dehydrogenases and reductases in response to the availability of specific substrates. Under anaerobic conditions in the presence of nitrate, E. coli synthesizes the cytoplasmic membrane-bound quinol-nitrate oxidoreductase (nitrate reductase(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines depress myocardial contractile function by enhancing the expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS), yet the mechanism of iNOS-mediated myocardial injury is not clear. As the reaction of NO with superoxide to form peroxynitrite markedly enhances the toxicity of NO, we hypothesized that peroxynitrite itself is responsible for(More)
Bacterial genomes encode an extensive range of respiratory enzymes that enable respiratory metabolism with a diverse group of reducing and oxidizing substrates under both aerobic and anaerobic growth conditions. An important class of enzymes that contributes to this broad diversity is the complex iron-sulfur molybdoenzyme (CISM) family. The architecture of(More)
The respiratory molybdoenzyme nitrate reductase (NarGHI) from Escherichia coli has been studied by protein film voltammetry, with the enzyme adsorbed on a rotating disk pyrolytic graphite edge (PGE) electrode. Catalytic voltammograms for nitrate reduction show a complex wave consisting of two components that vary with pH, nitrate concentration, and the(More)
We have examined the role of the quinone-binding (Q(P)) site of Escherichia coli succinate:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (succinate dehydrogenase) in heme reduction and reoxidation during enzyme turnover. The SdhCDAB electron transfer pathway leads from a cytosolically localized flavin adenine dinucleotide cofactor to a Q(P) site located within the(More)
We have applied the technique of distance estimations using the exogenous paramagnetic probe dysprosium (III) complexed with EDTA (DyEDTA) to study the topology of Escherichia coli dimethyl sulfoxide reductase (DmsABC) in situ in cytoplasmic membrane and whole cell preparations. The electron transfer subunit (DmsB) of this enzyme contains four [4Fe-4S](More)
We report the biochemical and biophysical characterization of YedYZ, a sulfite oxidase homologue from Escherichia coli. YedY is a soluble catalytic subunit with a twin arginine leader sequence for export to the periplasm by the Tat translocation system. YedY is the only molybdoenzyme so far isolated from E. coli with the Mo-MPT form of the molybdenum(More)
We have studied the kinetics of binding of the menaquinol analog 2-n-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline-N-oxide (HOQNO) by fumarate reductase (FrdABCD) using the stopped-flow method. The results show that the fluorescence of HOQNO is quenched when HOQNO binds to FrdABCD. The observed quenching of HOQNO fluorescence has two phases and it can be best fitted to a(More)
Under anaerobic conditions and in the presence of nitrate, the facultative anaerobe Escherichia coli synthesises an electron-transport chain comprising a primary dehydrogenase and the terminal membrane-bound nitrate reductase A (NarGHI). This review focuses on recent advances obtained on the structure and function of the three protein subunits of(More)