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Typical use patterns of methamphetamine (MA) users were examined using self-report measures from 120 MA and 63 cocaine users. Twenty (14 MA and 6 cocaine) of the participants also took part in structured interviews designed to provide more specific descriptions of their drug use. The typical MA user uses more than 20 days a month. Use is evenly spaced(More)
Although there are increasing reports of methamphetamine use, studies examining the cognitive consequences of methamphetamine have not been performed on a population currently using the drug. To characterize this population, 65 people currently using MA regularly and 65 non-users were given a battery of cognitive tests. The battery included recall,(More)
BACKGROUND Mood disturbances in methamphetamine (MA) abusers likely influence drug use, but the neurobiological bases for these problems are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE To assess regional brain function and its possible relationships with negative affect in newly abstinent MA abusers. DESIGN Two groups were compared by measures of mood and cerebral(More)
Forty currently using methamphetamine (MA) abusers, 40 currently using cocaine (COC) abusers, and 80 comparison participants who did not use psychostimulants received a cognitive battery and questionnaires covering medical history and stimulant use patterns. Forty comparison participants were matched to the 40 MA users on age, education, ethnicity, and(More)
BACKGROUND Methamphetamine (MA) abusers have cognitive deficits, abnormal metabolic activity and structural deficits in limbic and paralimbic cortices, and reduced hippocampal volume. The links between cognitive impairment and these cerebral abnormalities are not established. METHODS We assessed cerebral glucose metabolism with [F-18]fluorodeoxyglucose(More)
AIMS Previous research has reported that both contingency management (CM) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) are efficacious interventions for the treatment of stimulant abusers. The present study sought to directly compare the effectiveness of (CM) and (CBT) alone and in combination in reducing stimulant use. DESIGN Randomized clinical trial. (More)
A variety of measures are used for evaluating patients' responses to substance abuse treatments. These range from physical measures (such as samples of urine, breath, hair, or blood), self-reports of drug use (such as the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) or the Time Line Follow-Back), self-reports of psychological or physiological functioning (such as symptom(More)
Integrating science-based practices into clinical care has become an increasingly important theme in the substance abuse field. The authors describe various factors that have traditionally kept researchers and practitioners from collaborating with one another and outline steps being taken to encourage a partnership between these two groups. Strategies for(More)