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Two thousand consecutive deliveries occurring over an 11-month period were studied for fetal and placental (F/P) weight characteristics. Infant and placental weight pairs were analyzed according to their gestational ages and growth categories (AGA, SGA, LGA). Graphs were constructed to depict normal placental weight gain and F/P ratio changes over a wide(More)
We studied the relationship between cerebral oxygen consumption and cerebral oxygen delivery (cerebral blood flow x arterial oxygen content) in fetal, newborn, and adult sheep, Relative to the amount of oxygen consumed, cerebral oxygen delivery in the fetus exceeds that in the lamb and adult by 70 percent. This may represent a protective advantage for the(More)
Developmental effects on the response of cerebral blood flow (Qc) and cerebral O2 consumption (CMRO2) to changes in CO2 tension were assessed in unanesthetized fetal, newborn, and adult sheep. Blood flow was measured using the radioactive microsphere technique. CMRO2 was calculated as the product of Qc and the difference in O2 content between arterial and(More)
The effect of variations in arterial O2 content (CaO2) on the cerebrovascular bed of seven unanesthetized newborn lambs was studied as the hematocrit and arterial PO2 (PaO2) were varied. Each subject was studied at a high hematocrit [44 +/- 3% (SD)] and a low hematocrit [24 +/- 3%]. At each hematocrit level the PaO2 was changed over a range of 30-150 mmHg.(More)
Sustained and vigorous fetal breathing activity was produced in a chronic fetal lamb preparation by infusion into the fetus of either NH4Cl or HCl. Over a 2 to 3 hour period, 20 to 25 mEq/kg were infused. All of the fetuses tolerated blood pH values of 6.7 to 6.8 and survived. The breathing activity began after the completion of the infusion, and consisted(More)
A review of 72 cases of epiglottitis seen at the Children's Hospital of Denver was undertaken to determine the incidence of extraepiglottic and septic foci in this disease. A parallel review of the literature was also undertaken. The clinical, bacteriologic, laboratory, and radiologic findings of this patient population are described. A 25% incidence of(More)
Infusion of exogenous insulin (54 +/- 19 mU/kg/hr) to seven fetal lambs caused hyperinsulinism and arterial hypoxemia but not hypoglycemia. We measured the relationship between fetal oxygen delivery and oxygen use for a better understanding of the cause of the observed hypoxemia. Oxygen delivered to the fetus is the product of fetal umbilical venous oxygen(More)