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Central corneal thickness (CCT) is associated with eye conditions including keratoconus and glaucoma. We performed a meta-analysis on >20,000 individuals in European and Asian populations that identified 16 new loci associated with CCT at genome-wide significance (P < 5 × 10(-8)). We further showed that 2 CCT-associated loci, FOXO1 and FNDC3B, conferred(More)
We report a genome-wide association study for open-angle glaucoma (OAG) blindness using a discovery cohort of 590 individuals with severe visual field loss (cases) and 3,956 controls. We identified associated loci at TMCO1 (rs4656461[G] odds ratio (OR) = 1.68, P = 6.1 × 10(-10)) and CDKN2B-AS1 (rs4977756[A] OR = 1.50, P = 4.7 × 10(-9)). We replicated these(More)
Most theoreticians believe that reading habits explain why Western adults associate small numbers with left space and large numbers with right space (the SNARC effect). We challenge this belief by documenting, in both English and Hebrew, that SNARC changes during reading: small and large numbers in our texts appeared near the left or right ends of the(More)
PURPOSE Keratoconus is a progressive disorder of the cornea that can lead to severe visual impairment or blindness. Although several genomic regions have been linked to rare familial forms of keratoconus, no genes have yet been definitively identified for common forms of the disease. METHODS Two genome-wide association scans were undertaken in parallel.(More)
PURPOSE Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) are the dimethylated isomeric derivatives of the amino acid L-arginine. ADMA is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), while SDMA is a competitive inhibitor of cellular uptake of L-arginine, the substrate for NOS. As such, these metabolites are associated with(More)
PURPOSE A mutation miR-184(+57C>T) in the seed region of miR-184 (encoded by MIR184 [MIM*613146]) results in familial severe keratoconus combined with early-onset anterior polar cataract and endothelial dystrophy, iris hypoplasia, congenital cataract, and stromal thinning (EDICT) syndrome (MIM#614303). In order to investigate the phenotypic spectrum(More)
Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a major cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. We performed a genome-wide association study in an Australian discovery cohort comprising 1,155 cases with advanced POAG and 1,992 controls. We investigated the association of the top SNPs from the discovery stage in two Australian replication cohorts (932 cases and(More)
PURPOSE Many ocular parameters show strong heritable tendencies. The significance of central corneal thickness (CCT) in the context of glaucoma has been the subject of much debate recently, but its heritability has not been extensively explored. This study was designed to investigate the parent-child heritability of CCT among groups who have CCT considered(More)
Given the observed differences in the Pb isotopic composition of Mn crusts and nodules from different ocean basins (18), the residence time must be less than the ϳ10 3-year mixing time of the oceans [ W. but in the central Pacific may be sufficiently long to mix and integrate differing inputs from incoming water masses and the basin margins. Studies of 210(More)
PURPOSE Keratoconus is a common complex corneal ectasia that can lead to severe visual impairment. Although a genetic component is well recognized, the genetic risk factors for keratoconus are yet to be fully elucidated. A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) by Li et al. identified 15 potentially associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs).(More)