Richard A. Matthay

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Pericardial cysts frequently are recognized when they present in a cardiophrenic angle, but may not be suspected when they occur elsewhere in the chest. To highlight the unusual presentations of pericardial cysts, we present two patients with cysts in the upper mediastinum and review the reported experience with similar lesions. Our patients' cysts are(More)
A prospective randomized trial of preoperative intratumoral therapy with Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) was conducted in non-small cell lung cancer patients. Eighty-eight patients (48 BCG-treated and 40 control subjects) were entered into the study; three control subjects were removed from data analysis because histology revealed pathology other than(More)
We present a case of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in a previously healthy young woman who presented with what initially appeared to be an acute eosinophilic pneumonia. A second lung biopsy taken after treatment with steroids showed invasive Aspergillus with associated necrotizing granulomas, a pattern commonly found in chronic granulomatous(More)
Angiotensin I convertase activity has been found in human alveolar macrophages from normal volunteers and patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis. This activity is higher in the alveolar macrophages from smokers than from nonsmokers, and is even more elevated in sarcoid patients. The activity can be detected with both angiotensin I and bradykinin analogs and(More)
Nineteen immunocompromised patients with pulmonary infiltrates underwent diagnostic fibreoptic bronchoscopy with transbronchial forceps and brush biopsy. A specific diagnosis was obtained in 21/25 procedures (10/11 focal lesions and 11/14 diffuse legions). The most common diagnosis was infection, and organisms isolated included bacteria, fungi, Pneumocystis(More)
To determine the prevalence of pulmonary dysfunction in lupus erythematosus, 24 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 5 patients with discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) were studied. Diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide was abnormal in 17 (71 percent) SLE patients. A restrictive ventilatory defect was present in 6 (25 percent) and arterial(More)
Several systemic diseases share clinical, pathologic and radiologic characteristics. This article emphasizes similarities and differences in the clinical and chest radiographic manifestations of six diseases with both pulmonary and renal abnormalities-Goodpasture's syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, lymphomatoid granulomatosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome,(More)
In patients with AIDS, isolation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) from respiratory secretions is common. It is often found with other pathogens, which has led to debate regarding its role as a primary pulmonary pathogen. A retrospective investigation of patients with AIDS and CMV as a sole pulmonary isolate was performed in an attempt to describe their clinical(More)
Numerous systemic diseases share immunopathogenic mechanisms. This article reviews the proposed etiologies and immunopathogenic mechanisms of a group of diseases which share pulmonary and renal abnormalities. Specifically, we discuss the following diseases: Good-pasture's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, progressive systemic sclerosis, Wegener's(More)
SUMMARY Although cystic fibrosis is noted primarily for pronounced abnormalities in pulmonary function, a substantial number of patients die as a result of cardiac complications. Nevertheless, little is known about cardiac performance in this disease. The cardiac pathophysiological consequences of cystic fibrosis were investigated non-invasively by(More)