Richard A Manderville

Learn More
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a ubiquitous mycotoxin produced by fungi of improperly stored food products. OTA is nephrotoxic and is suspected of being the main etiological agent responsible for human Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) and associated urinary tract tumours. Striking similarities between OTA-induced porcine nephropathy in pigs and BEN in humans are(More)
The potent renal carcinogenicity of ochratoxin A (OTA) in rats, principally in the male, raises questions about mechanism. Chromatographic evidence of DNA adducts after (32)P-postlabeling analysis contrasts with experimental attempts to demonstrate the absence of OTA in such adducts. Proffered schemes for alternative epigenetic mechanisms in OTA(More)
To find out whether ochratoxin A (OTA), citrinin (CIT), aristolochic acids (AA) are etiologic agents of Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) or Chinese herbal nephrotoxicity, and associated urinary tract tumor (UTT), we have compared (i) in human kidney cell culture, the DNA adduct formation and persistence of OTA/CIT and AA adducts (ii) analyzed DNA adduct in(More)
The ability of the carcinogenic mycotoxin ochratoxin A (OTA) to react with reduced glutathione (GSH) has been assessed using electrospray ionization (ES)-MS techniques. On the basis of the assumption that OTA undergoes biotransformation into the reactive quinone species OTQ (6), a synthetic sample of the reduced form of OTQ (6), hydroquinone OTHQ (5), was(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a naturally occurring chlorophenolic fungal toxin that contaminates a wide range of food products and poses a cancer threat to humans. The mechanism of action (MOA) for OTA renal carcinogenicity is a controversial issue. In 2005, direct genotoxicity (covalent DNA adduct formation) was proposed as a MOA for OTA-mediated carcinogenicity(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA, 1) is a fungal toxin that facilitates single-strand DNA cleavage, DNA adduction, and lipid peroxidation when metabolically activated. To model the enzymatic activation of OTA, we have employed the water-soluble iron(III) meso-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin (FeTPPS) oxidation system. In its presence, OTA has been found to facilitate(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin that shows potent nephrotoxicity and renal carcinogenicity in rodents. One hypothesis for OTA-induced tumor formation is based on its genotoxic properties that are promoted by oxidative metabolism. Like other chlorinated phenols, OTA undergoes an oxidative dechlorination process to generate a quinone (OTQ)/hydroquinone(More)
The ability of the carcinogenic fungal toxin Ochratoxin A (OTA, 1) to react with deoxyguanosine (dG) has been assessed using electrospray mass spectrometry and NMR. Photoexcitation of OTA (100 muM) in the presence of 50 mol equiv of dG led to the isolation and identification of the C8-deoxyguanosine nucleoside adduct 4. Importantly, the same adduct was(More)
Ochratoxin A is a nephrotoxic and renal carcinogenic mycotoxin and is a common contaminant of various food commodities. Eighty six kinds of foodstuffs (1032 food samples) were collected in 2011-2013. High-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection was used for ochratoxin A determination. Limit of quantification of the method varied(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a nephrotoxic mycotoxin that is a potent renal carcinogen in male rats and is suspected of being the etiological agent of Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) and its associated urinary tract cancers. Conflicting results have been obtained regarding the genotoxicity of OTA and its ability to react directly with DNA upon oxidative(More)