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1. The microviscosity of the axoplasm of can sciatic nerve was determined by an in vitro electron spin resonance (e.s.r.) method using the spin label tempone. To identify the spin label signal as one arising only from within the axoplasm, Ni2+ was used as a line broadening agent. In one series of experiments in nerves with sheath intact the Ni2+ ion was(More)
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes from humans and mice with the Chediak-Higashi syndrome were characterized by spin label electron spin resonance spectrometry. Our results suggest that cells from afflicted mice and humans have membranes more fluid than controls. Order parameters for a spin label that probes near the membrane surface were 0.652 for normals and(More)
These studies on the effect of administration of 1,600 units of vitamin E to humans indicated the following responses to the PMNs (TABLE 6). Functional alterations occur with an increased ability to ingest particles but a mild decrease in bactericidal potency of the PMN. Although the respiratory burst is slightly enhanced as is superoxide anion release,(More)
The organization of outer membrane proteins of Neisseria gonorrhoeae was investigated by using two-dimensional dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and cross-linking agents. A naturally occurring protein aggregate, which may be composed of two proteins of 50,000 molecular weight, was detected in all strains. Treatment of whole cells with(More)
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) aggregate and avidly attach to endothelium in response to chemotactic agents. This response may be related in part to the release of the specific granule constituent lactoferrin (LF). We found by using immunohistology and biochemical and biophysical techniques that LF binds to the membrane and alters the surface properties(More)
Neutrophil function was studied in a patient with polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) glycoprotein-180 deficiency and in her parents. PMNs of the patient had abnormal chemotaxis, phagocytosis, adherence, surface charge, and membrane-associated events of activation. Selective defects to C3b, immunoglobulin G (IgG), phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and(More)
Standard preparative techniques for human polymorphonuclear leukocytes involves the sequential exposure of the PMN to dextran, Ficoll-Hypaque (FH) gradient centrifugation, and hypotonic stress. Counterflow centrifugal elutriation (CCE) allows isolation of PMN from whole blood without exposure to these potentially toxic substances. We have previously(More)
The outer membrane of Neisseria gonorrhoeae contains approximately 15 proteins, with 2 or 3 accounting for over 75% of the total protein mass. Samples of outer membrane from strain 2686 T4 analyzed by electrophoresis in 2% polyacrylamide gels revealed a band with an apparent molecular weight of 800,000. The band was protein material, as indicated by trypsin(More)
ESR investigations designed to determine membrane order parameter in sterol mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were conducted using the membrane probe, 5-doxyl stearic acid. These mutants are blocked in the ergosterol biosynthetic pathway and thus do not synthesize ergosterol, the end product sterol. They do not require exogenous ergosterol for growth and,(More)