Richard A. Floyd

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Dynamic changes in sleep in response to infectious challenge are a facet of the acute phase response. Changes in sleep induced by infection seem to be of recuperative value to the host. Furthermore, loss of sleep is associated with changes in immune function. Specific components of microbes such as muramyl peptides or endotoxin from bacteria or(More)
The role of pituitary growth hormone (GH) in the mediation of enhanced sleep elicited by GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) was studied in the rat. Intact and hypophysectomized (HYPOX) rats received systemic injections of GHRH or physiological saline. GHRH (0.5, 5.0, or 50 micrograms/kg in the intact rats and 0.5 or 50 micrograms/kg in HYPOX rats) was injected 6 h(More)
The central thesis of this essay is that the cytokine network in brain is a key element in the humoral regulation of sleep responses to infection and in the physiological regulation of sleep. We hypothesize that many cytokines, their cellular receptors, soluble receptors, and endogenous antagonists are involved in physiological sleep regulation. The(More)
Endolymphatic hydrops was induced in guinea pigs by immunizing them with native bovine type II collagen. Histopathologic changes consisted of moderate extension of the Reissner's membrane, spiral ganglion degeneration, atrophied organ of Corti, and mild atrophy of the surface epithelium in the endolymphatic duct. These findings suggest that an immune(More)
Immunization of two cynomolugus and three rhesus monkeys with purified type II collagen resulted in the development of polyarthritis. Arthritis first became clinically apparent 7 wk after primary immunization and persisted for 16 mo. Radiologic examination of the limbs demonstrated soft tissue swelling with severe joint destruction including loss of(More)
The hypotheses of a visual basis to reading disabilities in some children have centered around deficits in the visual processes displaying more transient responses to stimuli although hyperactivity in the visual processes displaying sustained responses to stimuli has also been proposed as a mechanism. In addition, there is clear evidence that colored lenses(More)
Diphenylhydantoin (DPH) kinetics were studied in five male patients with poorly controlled seizures. EEG recordings were taken on four of the patients immediately prior to and 30 minutes following a 60 minute i.v. infusion of phenytoin sodium. Mean phenytoin levels following post-infusion EEG recordings were 17.1 mg/L. Spectral analysis revealed that(More)
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