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Signaling events that regulate central nervous system (CNS) angiogenesis and blood-brain barrier (BBB) formation are only beginning to be elucidated. By evaluating the gene expression profile of mouse vasculature, we identified DR6/TNFRSF21 and TROY/TNFRSF19 as regulators of CNS-specific angiogenesis in both zebrafish and mice. Furthermore, these two death(More)
PURPOSE To establish reference data and to study age-dependency for cerebral perfusion in various regions of the brain in a healthy population. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty healthy subjects of both genders from 22 to 85 years of age were studied with spin echo echo-planar dynamic susceptibility contrast MR imaging (DSC MRI) at 1.5 T. Cerebral blood volume(More)
Several growth factors are expressed in distinct temporal and spatial patterns during fracture repair. Of these, vascular endothelial growth factor, VEGF, is of particular interest because of its ability to induce neovascularization (angiogenesis). To determine whether VEGF is required for bone repair, we inhibited VEGF activity during secondary bone(More)
OBJECTIVE Ex vivo and in vivo micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) combined with a novel image analysis algorithm were used to quantify cortical bone loss and periosteal new bone formation for therapeutic evaluation in a murine model of collagen-induced arthritis. METHODS An automated algorithm was created to locate 5 metatarsophalangeal and 3(More)
In many organ systems such as the skin, gastrointestinal tract and hematopoietic system, homeostasis is dependent on the continuous generation of differentiated progeny from stem cells. The rodent incisor, unlike human teeth, grows throughout the life of the animal and provides a prime example of an organ that rapidly deteriorates if newly differentiated(More)
Metastasis, which commonly uses lymphatics, accounts for much of the mortality associated with cancer. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C coreceptor, neuropilin-2 (Nrp2), modulates but is not necessary for developmental lymphangiogenesis, and its significance for metastasis is unknown. An antibody to Nrp2 that blocks VEGFC binding disrupts(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) has documented neuroprotective properties. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of bFGF on infarct size when administered 30 minutes after induction of focal cerebral ischemia in rats. Diffusion-weighted and perfusion MRI were used during the drug infusion. METHODS We blindly(More)
The intimate connection, both physical and biochemical, between blood vessels and bone cells has long been recognized. Genetic, biochemical, and pharmacological studies have identified and characterized factors involved in the conversation between endothelial cells (EC) and osteoblasts (OB) during both bone formation and repair. The long-awaited FDA(More)
Bone-marrow-derived cells facilitate tumour angiogenesis, but the molecular mechanisms of this facilitation are incompletely understood. We have previously shown that the related EG-VEGF and Bv8 proteins, also known as prokineticin 1 (Prok1) and prokineticin 2 (Prok2), promote both tissue-specific angiogenesis and haematopoietic cell mobilization. Unlike(More)
Zmpste24 is an integral membrane metalloproteinase of the endoplasmic reticulum. Biochemical studies of tissues from Zmpste24-deficient mice (Zmpste24(-/-)) have indicated a role for Zmpste24 in the processing of CAAX-type prenylated proteins. Here, we report the pathologic consequences of Zmpste24 deficiency in mice. Zmpste24(-/-) mice gain weight slowly,(More)