Richard A. Cowan

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BACKGROUND In men with localised prostate cancer, conformal radiotherapy (CFRT) could deliver higher doses of radiation than does standard-dose conventional radical external-beam radiotherapy, and could improve long-term efficacy, potentially at the cost of increased toxicity. We aimed to present the first analyses of effectiveness from the MRC RT01(More)
PURPOSE We have previously reported that radiotherapy (RT) added to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) improves survival in men with locally advanced prostate cancer. Here, we report the prespecified final analysis of this randomized trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS NCIC Clinical Trials Group PR.3/Medical Research Council PR07/Intergroup T94-0110 was a(More)
BACKGROUND Whether the addition of radiation therapy (RT) improves overall survival in men with locally advanced prostate cancer managed with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is unclear. Our aim was to compare outcomes in such patients with locally advanced prostate cancer. METHODS Patients with: locally advanced (T3 or T4) prostate cancer (n=1057); or(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this prospective, phase II trial was to determine the response of muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) to concurrent chemoradiotherapy of weekly gemcitabine with 4 weeks of radiotherapy (RT; GemX). PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty patients with transitional cell carcinoma, stage T2-3, N0, M0 after transurethral resection and magnetic(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this trial was to compare dose-escalated conformal radiotherapy with control-dose conformal radiotherapy in patients with localised prostate cancer. Preliminary findings reported after 5 years of follow-up showed that escalated-dose conformal radiotherapy improved biochemical progression-free survival. Based on the sample size(More)
PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important hypoxia-inducible pro-angiogenic protein that has been linked with an adverse survival outcome after radiotherapy in other cancer types: we hypothesized that this may also occur in prostate cancer. A retrospective study was, therefore, carried out to evaluate the potential of tumor VEGF(More)
The chest radiographs (CXRs) of 110 patients with mediastinal Hodgkin's disease (HD) were reviewed to determine the incidence, degree, and significance of mediastinal abnormalities following treatment. Residual mediastinal abnormalities were defined as either minimal or measurable, and occurred in 64% of all patients at the completion of treatment, but were(More)
Analysis of patient data from a new neuroscience intensive care unit (NSICU) permitted evaluation of whether such a specialty ICU favorably altered clinical outcomes in critically ill neuroscience patients, and whether such a care model produced an efficient use of resources. A retrospective review was performed to compare (1) the clinical outcomes, as(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether delivering an increased radiation dose to the tumor-bearing region of the bladder alone would improve local disease control without increasing treatment toxicity. METHODS AND MATERIALS A total of 149 patients with unifocal T2-T3N0M0 bladder carcinoma were randomized between whole bladder conformal radiotherapy (WBRT, 52.5 Gy(More)
STUDY TYPE Preference (prospective cohort). LEVEL OF EVIDENCE 1b. What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? In general the literature suggests that there is a need for improvement in aiding men diagnosed with early prostate cancer in their decision making about treatment options and that our understanding of this process is inadequate.(More)