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—Optical remote sensing imagery offers a cost-effective alternative to echo sounding and bathymetric light detection and ranging surveys for deriving high density bottom depth estimates for coastal and inland water bodies. The common practice of previous studies has been to calibrate a single global bathymetric inversion model for an entire image scene. The(More)
The formation of oriented thermokarst lakes on the Arctic Coastal Plain of northern Alaska has been the subject of debate for more than half a century. The striking elongation of the lakes perpendicular to the prevailing wind direction has led to the development of a preferred wind-generated gyre hypothesis, while other hypotheses include a combination of(More)
Surface depressions are abundant in topographically complex landscapes, and they exert significant influences on hydrological, ecological, and biogeochemical processes at local and regional scales. The increasing availability of high-resolution topographi-cal data makes it possible to resolve small surface depressions. By analogy with the reasoning process(More)
We have constructed a prototype Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards-based Arctic Climatology Sensor Network Prototype (ACSNP) in response to recent developments in sensor technology and Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) wireless communications in Barrow, Alaska for the National Science Foundation (NSF). The OGC standards enable increased,(More)
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