The INK4a (MTS1, CDKN2) gene encodes an inhibitor (p16INK4a) of the cyclin D-dependent kinases CDK4 and CDK6 that blocks them from phosphorylating the retinoblastoma protein (pRB) and prevents exit from the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Deletions and mutations involving INK4a occur frequently in cancers, implying that p16INK4a, like pRB, suppresses tumor… (More)
The INK4a tumor suppressor locus encodes p16INK4a, an inhibitor of cyclin D-dependent kinases, and p19ARF, an alternative reading frame protein that also blocks cell proliferation. Surprisingly, mice lacking p19ARF but expressing functional p16INK4a develop tumors early in life. Their embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) do not senesce and are transformed by oncogenic… (More)
Three mouse cyclin-like (CYL) genes were isolated, two of which are regulated by colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1) during the G1 phase of the macrophage cell cycle. CSF-1 deprivation during G1 leads to rapid degradation of CYL proteins (p36CYL) and correlates with failure to initiate DNA synthesis. However, after entering S phase, macrophages no longer… (More)
Human coronaviruses (HCV) in two serogroups represented by HCV-229E and HCV-OC43 are an important cause of upper respiratory tract infections. Here we report that human aminopeptidase N, a cell-surface metalloprotease on intestinal, lung and kidney epithelial cells, is a receptor for human coronavirus strain HCV-229E, but not for HCV-OC43. A monoclonal… (More)
Leukemic lymphoblasts expressing the E2A-HLF oncoprotein possess wild-type p53 genes, but do not undergo apoptosis in response to DNA damage. Experimentally, E2A-HLF prevents apoptosis due to growth factor deprivation or gamma-irradiation in interleukin-3 (IL-3)-dependent murine pro-B cells. To directly test the chimeric protein's ability to abrogate… (More)
The E2A-HLF (for hepatic leukaemia factor) fusion gene, formed by action of the t(17;19) (q22;p13) chromosomal translocation, drives the leukaemic transformation of early B-cell precursors, but the mechanism of this activity remains unknown. Here we report that human leukaemia cells carrying the translocation t(17;19) rapidly died by apoptosis when… (More)
We previously found that the myeloid cell surface glycoprotein CD13 (gp150) is identical to aminopeptidase N (EC 220.127.116.11), a widely distributed membrane-bound, zinc-dependent metalloprotease with an extracellular enzymatic domain that cleaves N-terminal amino acid residues from oligopeptides (J Clin Invest 83:1299, 1989). As a first step toward defining… (More)
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