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Here we describe a glycan microarray constructed by using standard robotic microarray printing technology to couple amine functionalized glycans to an amino-reactive glass slide. The array comprises 200 synthetic and natural glycan sequences representing major glycan structures of glycoproteins and glycolipids. The array has remarkable utility for profiling(More)
Both the dendritic cell receptor DC-SIGN and the closely related endothelial cell receptor DC-SIGNR bind human immunodeficiency virus and enhance infection. However, biochemical and structural comparison of these receptors now reveals that they have very different physiological functions. By screening an extensive glycan array, we demonstrated that DC-SIGN(More)
Helix pomatia agglutinin (HPA) is a N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) binding lectin found in the albumen gland of the roman snail. As a constituent of perivitelline fluid, HPA protects fertilized eggs from bacteria and is part of the innate immunity system of the snail. The peptide sequence deduced from gene cloning demonstrates that HPA belongs to a family(More)
The Candida glabrata genome encodes at least 23 members of the EPA (epithelial adhesin) family responsible for mediating adherence to host cells. To better understand the mechanism by which the Epa proteins contribute to pathogenesis, we have used glycan microarray analysis to characterize their carbohydrate-binding specificities. Using Saccharomyces(More)
Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin 8 (Siglec-8) is selectively expressed on human eosinophils, basophils, and mast cells, where it regulates their function and survival. Previous studies demonstrated sialic acid-dependent binding of Siglec-8 but failed to reveal significant substructure specificity or high affinity of that binding. To test a(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are key to the maintenance of peripheral tolerance to self-antigens and the orchestration of an immune reaction to foreign antigens. C-type lectins, expressed by DCs, recognize carbohydrate moieties on antigens that can be internalized for processing and presentation. Little is known about the exact glycan structures on self-antigens(More)
Galectin-4 and its homologue galectin-6 are members of the tandem-repeat subfamily of monomer divalent galectins. Expression of mouse galectin-4 and galectin-6 by RT-PCR using primers designed to distinguish both galectin transcripts indicates that both are expressed in the small intestine, colon, liver, kidney, spleen and heart and P19X1 cells while only(More)
The new field of functional glycomics encompasses information about both glycan structure and recognition by carbohydrate-binding proteins (CBPs) and is now being explored through glycan array technology. Glycan array construction, however, is limited by the complexity of efficiently generating derivatives of free, reducing glycans with primary amines for(More)
Protein-glycan interactions mediate diverse biological processes in cell communication and innate immunity. They involve the binding of a protein on one cell surface to a glycosylated protein or lipid on an opposing cell surface. Understanding the functional significance of these interactions is of major interest to the scientific community. Numerous(More)
Sequencing of the complete genome of a raspberry bushy dwarf virus isolate from Rubus glaucus in Ecuador revealed that its RNA-1 and RNA-2 were 5449 and 2231 nucleotides (nt) long, respectively, and phylogenetically closest to isolates from Sweden and Slovenia. In dsRNA analysis of infected plants, an additional band of 3 kbp was observed. Sequencing of(More)