Richard A. Alm

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Helicobacter pylori, one of the most common bacterial pathogens of humans, colonizes the gastric mucosa, where it appears to persist throughout the host's life unless the patient is treated. Colonization induces chronic gastric inflammation which can progress to a variety of diseases, ranging in severity from superficial gastritis and peptic ulcer to(More)
Campylobacter jejuni strain 81-176 contains two, previously undescribed plasmids, each of which is approximately 35 kb in size. Although one of the plasmids, termed pTet, carries a tetO gene, conjugative transfer of tetracycline resistance to another strain of C. jejuni could not be demonstrated. Partial sequence analysis of the second plasmid, pVir,(More)
We have developed new Campylobacter shuttle vectors which are 6.5-6.8-kb plasmids carrying Campylobacter and Escherichia coli replicons, a multiple cloning site (MCS), the lacZ alpha gene, oriT and either a kanamycin or chloramphenicol resistance-encoding gene (KmR or CmR) from Campylobacter which functions in both hosts. These vectors can be mobilized(More)
Campylobacter coli VC167 T2 has two flagellin genes, flaA and flaB, which share 91.9% sequence identity. The flaA gene is transcribed from a o-28 promoter, and the flaB gene from a o-54 promoter. Gene replacement mutagenesis techniques were used to generate flaA+ flaB and flaA flaB+ mutants. Both gene products are capable of assembling independently into(More)
The two complete genomic sequences of Helicobacter pylori J99 and 26695 were used to compare the paralogous families (related genes within one genome, likely to have related function) of genes predicted to encode outer membrane proteins which were present in each strain. We identified five paralogous gene families ranging in size from 3 to 33 members; two(More)
Campylobacter jejuni strain 81-176 (HS36, 23) synthesizes two distinct glycan structures, as visualized by immunoblotting of proteinase K-digested whole-cell preparations. A site-specific insertional mutant in the kpsM gene results in loss of expression of a high-molecular-weight (HMW) glycan (apparent Mr 26 kDa to > 85 kDa) and increased resolution of a(More)
Infection with Helicobacter pylori has been linked to numerous severe gastroduodenal diseases including peptic ulcer and gastric cancer. Several techniques have been used to measure the genetic heterogeneity of H. pylori at several different levels and to determine whether there is any correlation with severity of disease. The availability of two completed(More)
Virulence of the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa involves the coordinate expression of a wide range of virulence factors including type IV pili which are required for colonization of host tissues and are associated with a form of surface translocation termed twitching motility. Twitching motility in P. aeruginosa is controlled by a complex(More)
Glutamate racemase is an enzyme essential to the bacterial cell wall biosynthesis pathway, and has therefore been considered as a target for antibacterial drug discovery. We characterized the glutamate racemases of several pathogenic bacteria using structural and biochemical approaches. Here we describe three distinct mechanisms of regulation for the family(More)
Type-4 fimbriae (or pili) are filaments found at the poles of a wide range of bacterial pathogens, including Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Moraxella bovis, Dichelobacter nodosus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. They are composed of a small subunit which is highly conserved among different species and appear to mediate adhesion and translocation across epithelial(More)