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Advancement and affordability is leading to the popularity of plastic surgery procedures. Facial plastic surgery can be reconstructive to correct facial feature anomalies or cosmetic to improve the appearance. Both corrective as well as cosmetic surgeries alter the original facial information to a large extent thereby posing a great challenge for face(More)
This paper presents an efficient algorithm for matching sketches with digital face images. The algorithm extracts discriminating information present in local facial regions at different levels of granularity. Both sketches and digital images are decomposed into multi-resolution pyramid to conserve high frequency information which forms the discriminating(More)
For a robust face biometric system, a reliable anti-spoofing approach must be deployed to circumvent the print and replay attacks. Several techniques have been proposed to counter face spoofing, however a robust solution that is computationally efficient is still unavailable. This paper presents a new approach for spoofing detection in face videos using(More)
The performance of iris recognition is affected if iris is captured at a distance. Further, images captured in visible spectrum are more susceptible to noise than if captured in near infrared spectrum. This research proposes periocular biometrics as an alternative to iris recognition if the iris images are captured at a distance. We propose a novel(More)
One of the important cues in solving crimes and apprehending criminals is matching sketches with digital face images. This paper presents an automated algorithm to extract discriminating information from local regions of both sketches and digital face images. Structural information along with minute details present in local facial regions are encoded using(More)
The presence of a contact lens, particularly a textured cosmetic lens, poses a challenge to iris recognition as it obfuscates the natural iris patterns. The main contribution of this paper is to present an in-depth analysis of the effect of contact lenses on iris recognition. Two databases, namely, the IIIT-D Iris Contact Lens database and the ND-Contact(More)
Widespread acceptability and use of biometrics for person authentication has instigated several techniques for evading identification. One such technique is altering facial appearance using surgical procedures that has raised a challenge for face recognition algorithms. Increasing popularity of plastic surgery and its effect on automatic face recognition(More)
BACKGROUND The development of nontoxic methods of synthesizing nanoparticles is a major step in nanotechnology to allow their application in nanomedicine. The present study aims to biosynthesize silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using a cell-free extract of Acinetobacter spp. and evaluate their antibacterial activity. METHODS Eighteen strains of Acinetobacter(More)
This paper proposes algorithms for iris segmentation, quality enhancement, match score fusion, and indexing to improve both the accuracy and the speed of iris recognition. A curve evolution approach is proposed to effectively segment a nonideal iris image using the modified Mumford-Shah functional. Different enhancement algorithms are concurrently applied(More)
Newborn swapping and abduction is a global problem and traditional approaches such as ID bracelets and footprinting do not provide the required level of security. This paper introduces the concept of using face recognition for identifying newborns and presents an automatic face recognition algorithm. The proposed multiresolution algorithm extracts Speeded(More)